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Trafficking of water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) to the apical membrane and its vasopressin and protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent regulation in renal collecting ducts is critical for body water homeostasis. We previously identified an AQP2 binding protein complex including actin and tropomyosin-5b (TM5b). We show that dynamic interactions between AQP2 and the(More)
Four different tandem EGFPs were constructed to elucidate the nuclear microenvironment by quantifying its diffusional properties in both aqueous solution and the nuclei of living cells. Diffusion of tandem EGFP was dependent on the length of the protein as a rod-like molecule or molecular ruler in solution. On the other hand, we found two kinds of mobility,(More)
We report on a simple correlation method for lifetime measurements using a random modulated excitation light source. We use an intensity correlation function of emission for lifetime analyses. In this method, no reference timing of the excitation is required. We apply the correlation method to measure phosphorescence decays and successfully demonstrate in(More)
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) provides information about translational diffusion properties of fluorescent molecules in tiny detection volume and allows the analysis of binding processes of biomolecules in homogeneous solution. In this study, FCS was used to measure equilibrium binding constants of disulfide-reduced apo-alpha-lactalbumin(More)
The binding processes of GroEL with apo cytochrome c (apo-cyt c) and disulfide-reduced apo alpha-lactalbumin (rLA) in homogeneous solution at low concentration were analyzed by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) with extremely high sensitivity. Although apo-cyt c, a positively charged substrate, was tightly bound to GroEL in both the absence and(More)
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) was applied to examine the interactions between a protein and a membrane lipid. The protein 4.1-phosphatidyl serine (PS) interactions served as the model system to demonstrate the membrane lipid-protein interactions. This protein was labeled with rhodamine and its interactions with PS-liposomes were measured by(More)
The diffusion properties of hGRalpha in living cells have been analyzed. The hGRalpha translocalized from the cytosol to the nucleus after addition of Dex just as RU486; however, the Brownian motions of the proteins in nucleus were different. In order to analysis microenvironment of the nucleus of living cell, four different tandem EGFPs were constructed.(More)
We employed dual color Fluorescence Cross Correlation Spectroscopy (FCCS) to measure the interaction between PKA regulatory (RII) and catalytic subunits (CAT) in living cells. Elevation of intracellular cAMP with forskolin decreased the cross-correlation amplitude between RFP-fused RII (RII-mRFP) and GFP-fused CAT (CAT-EGFP) by 50%, indicating that cAMP(More)
We have expressed, purified, and characterized one small heat shock protein of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, SpHsp16.0. SpHsp16.0 was able to protect citrate synthase from thermal aggregation at 45 degrees C with high efficiency. It existed as a hexadecameric globular oligomer near the physiological growth temperature. At elevated(More)
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