Changhan Lee

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Short-term fasting (48 hours) was shown to be effective in protecting normal cells and mice but not cancer cells against high dose chemotherapy, termed Differential Stress Resistance (DSR), but the feasibility and effect of fasting in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy is unknown. Here we describe 10 cases in which patients diagnosed with a variety of(More)
Mitochondria have been largely considered as 'end-function' organelles, servicing the cell by producing energy and regulating cell death in response to complex signals. Being cellular entities with vital roles, mitochondria communicate back to the cell and actively engage in determining major cellular policies. These signals, collectively referred to as(More)
BACKGROUND Glioma, including anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are among the most commonly diagnosed malignant adult brain tumors. GBM is a highly invasive and angiogenic tumor, resulting in a 12 to 15 months median survival. The treatment of GBM is multimodal and includes surgical resection, followed by adjuvant radio-and(More)
Membrane depolarization promotes neuronal survival through increases in intracellular calcium. Nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling molecule involved in many neuronal activity-dependent events. Since neuronal NO is generated by NO synthase (NOS) in a calcium-dependent manner and was shown to promote cell survival, we tested whether NO is involved in(More)
Stimulation of the proapoptotic tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5), conventionally induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in tumor cells. Here we report that stimulation of DR4 and/or DR5 by the agonistic protein KD548-Fc, an Fc-fused DR4/DR5 dual-specific Kringle domain variant,(More)
Bacterial motility is governed by the flhDC master operon that is under the control of factors like OmpR, LrhA, HdfR, and H-NS. Previously, derivatives of the wild-type MG1655 strain of E. coli K-12 with enhanced motility were found to contain insertion sequences (ISs) in the regulatory region of the flhDC operon. Here, we report that not only integrations(More)
Caloric restriction is the most effective and reproducible dietary intervention known to regulate aging and increase the healthy lifespan in various model organisms, ranging from the unicellular yeast to worms, flies, rodents, and primates. However, caloric restriction, which in most cases entails a 20-40% reduction of food consumption relative to normal(More)
Aging is influenced by endocrine pathways including the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 (GH/IGF) axis. Mitochondrial function has also been linked to the aging process, but the relevant mitochondrial signals mediating the effects of mitochondria are poorly understood. Humanin is a novel signaling peptide that acts as a potent regulator of(More)
Previously, we observed butanal/propanal sensitivity of Escherichia coli K-12 when cells overexpress YqhD protein, a NADPH dependent aldehyde reductase, possibly due to an accumulation of butanol/propanol in vivo as the reaction products. Based on this finding, we developed a suicidal vector-cloning system derived from pUC19, in which lacZ was substituted(More)
Mitochondria are key players in aging and in the pathogenesis of age-related diseases. Recent mitochondrial transcriptome analyses revealed the existence of multiple small mRNAs transcribed from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Humanin (HN), a peptide encoded in the mtDNA 16S ribosomal RNA region, is a neuroprotective factor. An in silico search revealed six(More)