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The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (È1%) of the human genome sequence and is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the changes in the muscarinic receptor signaling pathway with submandibular gland (SMG) transplantation and whether carbachol improves secretion in transplanted SMGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS SMG autotransplantation was performed in a rabbit model. Carbachol (1 microM) was infused into the transplanted glands from postoperative day(More)
OBJECTIVE The significance of asymptomatic knee cartilage defects in healthy individuals is not known. The aim of this study was to examine the association between cartilage defects in the knee and cartilage volume both cross-sectionally and longitudinally in healthy, middle-age adults. METHODS Eighty-six healthy men and women (mean +/- SD age 53.8 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the associations between age, knee cartilage morphology, and bone size in adults. METHODS A cross sectional convenience sample of 372 male and female subjects (mean age 45 years, range 26-61) was studied. Knee measures included a cartilage defect five site score (0-4 respectively) and prevalence (defect score of > or =2 at any site),(More)
BACKGROUND With an hypothesis that post-chemotherapy changes in serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels might serve as a surrogate marker for assessing prostate cancer outcome (i.e., survival), we studied the relationship between pretherapy and post-therapy prognostic factors and survival in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the associations among BMI, knee cartilage morphology, and bone size in adults. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A cross-sectional convenience sample of 372 male and female subjects (mean age, 45 years; range, 26 to 61 years) was studied. Knee articular cartilage defect score (0 to 4) and prevalence (defect score of >/=2), volume, and(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the potential utility of primate somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to biomedical research and to the production of autologous embryonic stem (ES) cells for cell- or tissue-based therapy, a reliable method for SCNT is not yet available. Employing the rhesus monkey as a clinically relevant animal model, we have compared a conventional(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that sex differences in knee cartilage volume may be mediated through body and bone size, age and/or physical activity. METHODS A cross-sectional convenience sample of 372 subjects (males 43%; mean age 45 yr, range 26-61) was studied. Articular cartilage volumes and bone size were determined at the patella, medial and(More)
OBJECTIVE There is limited longitudinal evidence relating subchondral bone changes to cartilage damage and loss. The aim of this study was to describe the association between baseline tibial bone area and tibial subchondral bone mineral density (BMD) with tibial cartilage defect development and cartilage volume loss. METHODS A total of 341 subjects (mean(More)
OBJECTIVES Cartilage defects are present in subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Although they are often present in healthy subjects, there is little data on the natural history of cartilage defects. The aim of this study was to examine the change in cartilage defects over 2 yr and to identify factors associated with this change. METHODS One hundred(More)