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UNLABELLED Invasive pathogens interface with the host and its resident microbiota through interkingdom signaling. The bacterial receptor QseC, which is a membrane-bound histidine sensor kinase, responds to the host stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine and the bacterial signal AI-3, integrating interkingdom signaling at the biochemical level.(More)
A large number of studies revealed that adiponectin, a protein secreted specifically by adipose tissue, exhibits antiinflammatory, antiatherogenic, and antidiabetic properties. This 247-amino acid protein contains four differentiable domains and exists in five different configurations, which binds three kinds of receptors. The plasma adiponectin(More)
Gemcitabine has limited clinical benefits in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The solvent-based traditional taxanes docetaxel and paclitaxel have not shown clinical results superior to gemcitabine. Nab-paclitaxel, a water-soluble albumin-bound paclitaxel, may carry superior distribution properties into the tumor microenvironment and has shown efficacy in(More)
A novel scintillation proximity high throughput assay (SPA) to identify inhibitors of DNA methyltransferases was developed and used to screen over 180,000 compounds. The majority of the validated hits shared a quinone core and several were found to generate the reactive oxygen species, H2O2. Inhibition of the production of H2O2 by the addition of catalase(More)
The aim of this study is to further validate the use of ultrafiltration (UF) as a method for determining plasma protein binding (PPB) by demonstrating that non-specific binding (NSB) is not a limitation, even for highly lipophilic compounds, because NSB sites on the apparatus are passivated in the presence of plasma. Mass balance theory was used to(More)
Misactivation of the seven-transmembrane protein Smoothened (Smo) is frequently associated with basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma. Cellular exposure to secreted Hedgehog (Hh) protein or oncogenic mutations in Hh pathway components induces Smo accumulation in the primary cilium, an antenna-like organelle with mostly unknown cellular functions. Despite(More)
Good point set scanning-based self learning worms can reach a stupendous propagation speed in virtue of the non-uniform vulnerable-host distribution. In order to terminate such self-learning worms, this paper proposes an interaction model. Using the interaction model, we obtain the basic reproduction number. The impact of different parameters of predators(More)