Changdong Yan

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Our previous studies demonstrated that, in gracilis muscle arterioles of male mice deficient in the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), flow-induced dilation (FID) is mediated by endothelial PGs. Thus the present study aimed to identify the specific isoform of cyclooxygenase (COX) responsible for the compensatory mediation of FID in(More)
We hypothesized that aging is characterized by a reduced release of nitric oxide (NO) in response to shear stress in resistance vessels. Mesenteric arterioles and arteries of young (6 mo) and aged (24 mo) male Fischer 344 rats were isolated and cannulated. Shear stress (15 dyn/cm(2))-induced dilation was significantly reduced and shear stress (1, 5, 10, and(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 30 is a novel estrogen receptor. Recent studies suggest that activation of the GPR30 confers rapid cardioprotection in isolated rat heart. It is unknown whether chronic activation of GPR30 is beneficial or not for heart failure. In this study we investigated the cardiac effect of sustained activation or inhibition of GPR30.(More)
BACKGROUND The potential biological significance of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has attracted growing interests in recent years, but its role in the myogenic response of rat cerebral arterioles has not been explored. METHODS AND RESULTS Rats were injected with NaHS (an H₂S donor, 2-200 µmol·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹, i.p.) or saline for 3 weeks. MBP was measured with a(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of hydrogen sulfide on cellular senescence of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs CC-2517) and its underlying mechanism. The premature senescence-like phenotype HUVECs (the fourth passage) was induced by treatment with nicotinamide (NAM, an inhibitor of SIRT1, 5 mmol/L, 12 h). Cells(More)
CONTEXT Heart failure (HF) is a progressive deterioration in heart function associated with overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system. Elevated sympathetic nervous system activity down regulates the β-adrenergic signal system, suppressing β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs)-mediated contractile support in the failing heart. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a gaseous signaling molecule, which plays a critical role in a number of physiological and pathological progresses. In order to determine the effect of endogenous H(2)S on gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R), we evaluated the gastric mucosal damage in rats intraperitoneally injected with DL-propargylglycine (PAG, 50 mg/kg/day) or(More)
After menopause, the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is due not only to estrogen decline but also to androgen decline. This study examined the effects of either estradiol (E(2)) or testosterone replacement alone or E(2)-testosterone combination on isolated myocytes in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R).(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of ibuprofen on cardiac fibrosis in a rat model of type 1 diabetes. METHODS The diabetic model was established by injecting streptozotocin into the rats. Then, ibuprofen or pioglitazone was given by gavage for 8 weeks. The cardiac fibrosis was assessed, and the major components of the renin-angiotensin system, the(More)
Ginkgo biloba extract is an important natural product for treatment of cerebral and cardiovascular diseases, whereas ginkgolide B (GB) is a main component of it. Its effects on ischemic heart and ventricular contractile function in Sprague-Dawley male rats are unclear yet. In the present study, we investigated the function of isolated hearts subjected to(More)