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BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is recognized as an independent cardiovascular disease risk state. The relationship between CKD and cardiovascular disease in volunteer and general populations has not been explored. METHODS The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP) is a community-based health-screening program to raise(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing in the United States, caused in part by older age and increasing prevalences of hypertension and type 2 diabetes. CKD is silent and undetected until advanced stages. The study of populations with earlier stages of kidney disease may improve outcomes of CKD. METHODS The Kidney Early(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and incidence of hypertension are increasing, and they correlate with the chronic kidney disease rate in the United States. Early identification and achievement of blood pressure goals may improve chronic kidney disease outcomes. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, subjects were participants in the Kidney Early Evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Elderly individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high rates of comorbid conditions, including cardiovascular disease and its risk factors, and CKD-related complications. In individuals aged > or = 65 years, we sought to describe the prevalence of CKD determined from laboratory test results in the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP; n(More)
Change of address notices, including both the old and new addresses of the subscriber, should be sent at least one month in advance.side the United States and possessions, there is no additional charge for surface delivery. Student and resident: United States and possessions, $227.00; all other countries , $300.00. To receive student/resident rate, orders(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to describe CKD awareness and identify factors associated with optimal glycemic control in diabetic and nondiabetic individuals both aware and unaware of CKD. METHODS This cross-sectional analysis compared Kidney Early Evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) recently was identified as a public health problem requiring a public health prevention approach. The National Kidney Foundation Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP), initiated in 2000, meets the definition of a public health program, offering surveillance and early detection of CKD. This report aims to detail(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in the CKD population. Early diabetes identification through targeted screening programs is important for the development of preventive strategies. METHODS This is a cross-sectional analysis of the National Kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Early identification of anemia of chronic kidney disease may be important for the development of preventive strategies. We compared anemia prevalence and characteristics in the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP) and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 populations. METHODS Clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with mineral metabolism dysregulation, cardiovascular disease, and premature mortality. No study specifically examined mineral metabolism trends in a generalizable sample of patients at increased CKD risk. METHODS This cross-sectional analysis from November 1, 2005, to December 31, 2006, of calcium,(More)