Changbae Jin

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The effects of flavonoids on caffeine N3-demethylation, a marker activity of CYP1A2, in human liver microsomes were investigated to elucidate the inhibition mechanism and the structure-activity relationship. Caffeine N3-demethylase activity was inhibited by the presence of various flavonoids, whose structures seem to be closely related to the degree of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to understand the role of PIK3CA and PTEN on the resistance of human ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. METHODS Human ovarian cancer cell OVCAR-3 and cisplatin-resistant subclone OVCAR-3/CDDP cells were used for these studies. The expressions of apoptosis regulating proteins and PI3K/Akt signaling(More)
Since nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been known to be involved in inflammatory and autoimmune-mediated tissue destruction, modulation of NO synthesis or action represents a new approach to the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of honeybee(More)
The flavonoids quercetin, (+)-dihydroquercetin, and quercetin 3-methyl ether were isolated from the ethyl acetate fractions of the fruits and stems of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten. In the present study, we evaluated their protective effects against oxidative neuronal injuries induced in primary cultured rat cortical cells and their antioxidant(More)
The complex molecular cascades of ischemic tolerance in brain cells remain unclear. Recently, sphingolipid-related metabolite ceramide has been implicated as a second messenger in many biological functions, including neuronal survival and death. The present study, therefore, examined the roles of ceramide (Cer) in ischemic tolerance induced by(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine sildenafil and a novel PDE-5 inhibitor, mirodenafil in the plasma and corpus cavernosum tissue of rats to compare their pharmacokinetic properties. The concentrations of mirodenafil and sildenafil in the rat plasma and corpus cavernosum tissue samples were analyzed using LC-MS/MS after a single oral(More)
Deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) is a bioactive compound of Anthriscus sylvestris (Apiaceae). In the present study, the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) by DPT was evaluated in human liver microsomes (HLM) and the baculovirus-insect cell-expressed human CYPs using a cocktail probe assay. When a mixture of specific CYP substrates was incubated with DPT in HLM,(More)
Fruiting bodies of Phellinus linteus were extracted with 70% ethanol at room temperature. The Phellinus linteus extract (PL) showed strong anti-angiogenic activity, which was detected using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. The in vitro antioxidant activities of PL were evaluated using two different bioassays. PL was comparable to(More)
In the present study, we assessed the effects of gluco-obtusifolin, isolated from the seeds of Cassia obtusifolia L., and its aglycone, obtusifolin, on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine using the passive avoidance and the Morris water maze tasks in mice. Gluco-obtusifolin (1, 2, and 4 mg/kg, p.o.) and obtusifolin (0.25, 0.5, 1, and(More)
Bioassay-directed chromatographic fractionation of an ethyl acetate extract of Gardenia jasminoides (Gardeniae Fructus) afforded a new vanillic acid 4-O-beta-d-(6'-sinapoyl)glucopyranoside (1) and five new quinic acid derivatives, methyl 5-O-caffeoyl-3-O-sinapoylquinate (2), ethyl 5-O-caffeoyl-3-O-sinapoylquinate (3), methyl 5-O-caffeoyl-4-O-sinapoylquinate(More)