Changanamkandath Rajesh

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The RAD51 family of proteins is involved in homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair and maintaining chromosome integrity. To identify candidates that interact with HR proteins, the mouse RAD51C, RAD51D and XRCC2 proteins were purified using bacterial expression systems and each of them used to co-precipitate interacting partners from mouse embryonic(More)
Meiosis is a unique form of cellular division by which a diploid cell produces genetically distinct haploid gametes. Initiation and regulation of mammalian meiosis differs between the sexes. In females, meiosis is initiated during embryo development and arrested shortly after birth during prophase I. In males, spermatogonial stem cells initiate meiosis at(More)
Homologous recombination (HR) is a mechanism for repairing DNA interstrand crosslinks and double-strand breaks. In mammals, HR requires the activities of the RAD51 family (RAD51, RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, XRCC2, XRCC3 and DMC1), each of which contains conserved ATP binding sequences (Walker Motifs A and B). RAD51D is a DNA-stimulated ATPase that interacts(More)
Development of vaccine for contraception is an exciting proposition that could provide a valuable alternative to the presently available methods for birth control. Various targets such as gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), leutinizing hormone (LH), zona pellucida (ZP) antigens, sperm antigens, and human chorionic(More)
The gene knockout technology has revolutionized the fertility/infertility field. It has revealed several essential previously undiscovered molecules, new insights and novel mechanisms involved in steps of the fertility cascade in females. Using database and literature search, knockouts of at least 83 genes were discovered that demonstrated an effect on(More)
The homologous recombination (HR) pathway is vital for maintaining genomic integrity through the restoration of double-stranded breaks and interstrand crosslinks. The RAD51 paralogs (RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, XRCC2, XRCC3) are essential for this process in vertebrates, and the RAD51D paralog is unique in that it participates in both HR repair and telomere(More)
Reproductive cell/tissue-specific antigens are attractive candidates for the development of a contraceptive vaccine. Using the differential display technology, a human cDNA fragment of 322-bp, designated as T17, was identified showing specific expression in the human testis. The T17 cDNA fragment was used as a probe to screen the human testis cDNA-lambda(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE RAD51D, a paralog of the mammalian RAD51 gene, is an important component for DNA repair and telomere maintenance. A RAD51D variant, E233G, was initially identified as a potential susceptibility allele in high-risk, site-specific, familial breast cancer. We describe in this report, the effects of this amino acid change on RAD51D(More)
S(N)1-type methylating agents generate O(6)-methyl guanine (O(6)-meG), which is a potently mutagenic, toxic, and recombinogenic DNA adduct. Recognition of O(6)-meG:T mismatches by mismatch repair (MMR) causes sister chromatid exchanges, which are representative of homologous recombination (HR) events. Although the MMR-dependent mutagenicity and toxicity(More)
DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) are among the most severe forms of DNA damage and responsible for chromosomal translocations that may lead to gene fusions. The RAD51 family plays an integral role in preserving genome stability by homology directed repair of DSBs. From a proteomics screen, we recently identified SFPQ/PSF as an interacting partner with the(More)
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