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Sublines are used in the third-generation breeding and testing of coastal Douglas-fir in British Columbia, with the original intent of selecting only one genotype per subline for production populations (e.g., seed orchards) to eliminate relatedness among parents (therein called “1/SL”). We evaluated three additional selection scenarios that did not consider(More)
(Co)variance matrices for the assumed model, and thus the specification of the dispersion parameters, should take into account both the negative competition and the positive spatial correlations. In this context, we applied several approaches to identify and quantify the genetic and environmental competition effects and/or environmental heterogeneity in(More)
BACKGROUND Fibroblast proliferation is a common manifestation of chronic inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, etc. To alleviate patient suffering, the mechanism underlying fibroblast proliferation should be elucidated. METHODS CCK-8 assay was used to assess the stimulatory effect of LPS and(More)
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