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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major public health problem globally. Presently, there is no way to restore cognitive deficits caused by TBI. In this study, we seek to evaluate the effect of statins (simvastatin and atorvastatin) on the spatial learning and neurogenesis in rats subjected to controlled cortical impact. Rats were treated with(More)
PC12-GFRalpha1 cells, a clonal cell line engineered to express glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor receptor alpha1 were constructed. Given glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor could induce the differentiation and promote the survival of PC12-GFRalpha1 cells at low concentrations, the cells provide an unlimited source of monoclonal cells for(More)
Using the structural equation modeling (SEM) method, the present study examined the role of large-scale neural interactions in developmental stuttering while 10 stuttering and nine non-stuttering subjects performed a covert picture-naming task. Results indicated that the connection patterns were significantly different between stuttering and non-stuttering(More)
OBJECT This study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective properties of recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) and carbamylated erythropoietin (CEPO) administered following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. METHODS Sixty adult male Wistar rats were injured with controlled cortical impact, and then EPO, CEPO, or a placebo (phosphate-buffered saline)(More)
The retinal degeneration B (rdgB) gene in Drosophila is essential for photoreceptor function and survival. The rdgB mutant fly exhibits an abnormal electroretinogram and a light-dependent photoreceptor degeneration. The function of RdgB is not fully understood, but the presence of a phosphatidylinositol transfer protein domain suggests a possible role in(More)
Glial cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a protein known to enhance the survival of dopaminergic and motor neurons. It has been shown to have therapeutic potential in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. GDNF gene was modified by deletion and insertion mutagenesis using PCR methods. The various mutants were(More)
Mutations in the Drosophila retinal degeneration B (rdgB) gene cause a rapid loss of the electrophysiological light response and subsequent light-enhanced photoreceptor degeneration. The rdgB gene encodes a protein with an N-terminal phosphatidylinositol transfer protein domain, a large C-terminal segment, and several hydrophobic regions thought to multiply(More)
In order to find brain areas involved in the vocal expression of emotion, we compared c-fos expression in three groups of saddle-back tamarins (Saguinus fuscicollis). One group, consisting of three animals, was made to utter more than 800 mobbing calls by electrical stimulation of the periaqueductal grey of the midbrain (PAG). A second group, consisting of(More)
Obestatin, a novel putative 23-amino acid peptide, was found to be derived from a mammalian preproghrelin gene by using a bioinformatics approach. Although the effects of obestatin on food intake and upper gut motility remain controversial, no studies have been carried out to explore its influence on lower gut motility and secretion. We investigated the(More)