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A microemulsion system of docetaxel was prepared and evaluated for its solubilization capacity and oral bioavailability improvement. Based on a solubility study and pseudo ternary phase diagrams, microemulsions of about 30 nm in mean diameter were formulated with improved solubilization capacity towards the hydrophobic drug, docetaxel. The o/w microemulsion(More)
A mixed micelle that comprised of MPEG-PLA (MPP) and Pluronic copolymers was developed for enhanced bioavailability and to overcome multidrug resistance of docetaxel in cancer therapy. The mixed micelles that sufficiently solubilized docetaxel were evaluated for the effect of Pluronic copolymers weight ratio on the mixed micelles with respect to drug(More)
To enhance permeation and solubility of an intranasal delivery system of fexofenadine hydrochloride (FXD HCl), a new formulation using poloxamer 407 (P407)/hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD)-based thermoreversible gels with chitosan, was developed. Prepared gels were characterized by gelation temperature, viscosity, viscoelasticity, and drug release(More)
A wide variety of drugs and endogenous bioactive amines are organic cations (OCs). Approximately 40% of all conventional drugs on the market are OCs. Thus, the transport of xenobiotics or endogenous OCs in the body has been a subject of considerable interest, since the discovery and cloning of a family of OC transporters, referred to as organic cation(More)
In our previous study, lung tumor-specific targeting of paclitaxel was achieved in mice by intravenous administration of chitosan-modified paclitaxel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles (C-NPs-paclitaxel). Transient formation of aggregates in the blood stream followed by enhanced trapping in the capillaries was proposed as a mechanism of the lung-specific(More)
The effect of protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) on the expression and functional activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the liver of rats was examined. Control protein diets and protein-restricted diets were fed to Sprague-Dawley rats for 4 weeks, and the expression of P-gp in the liver (Western blot), in vitro uptake of a representative substrate of P-gp,(More)
OBJECTIVES We intended to elucidate the mechanism of the molecular weight (Mw) threshold (i.e., 200 +/- 50) for appreciable hepatobiliary excretion of quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) in rats. METHODS We measured the effect of ion-pair complexation of QACs with taurodeoxycholate (TDC), an endogenous anionic bile salt, on the apparent partition(More)
The effect of sixteen excipients on the transport of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) across Caco-2 cell monolayers was examined at 37 degrees C. The apparent apical to basolateral (A-B) permeability (Papp) of 30 microM rhEGF was 8.15 x 10(-7) cm/sec, indicative of a poor level of absorption in the GI tract. The Papp was 1.7- and 6.3-fold(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the kinetics of the distribution of dehydroevodiamine (DHED) in the rat brain. After an intravenous infusion of 15 min (dose of 1-10 mg/kg), the temporal profiles of the plasma levels of DHED declined in a multiexponential manner. Moment analysis indicated that the clearance and steady-state volume of distribution(More)
The study sought to investigate the effects of tetraalkylammonium (TAA), inhibitors of the organic cation transporters (OCTs) with different affinities, on the pharmacokinetics of metformin. The inhibitory potentials of TAAs on the uptake of metformin were evaluated by determining IC(50) values in MDCK cells over-expressing OCTs and, to assess in vivo drug(More)