Chang-hu Xue

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A new method to determine the degree of deacetylation (DD) of alpha-chitin and chitosan in the range of 17-94% DD using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) is proposed. The results were calibrated using (1)H NMR spectroscopy for chitosan and FTIR for chitin, in comparison with the potentiometric titration method. The results showed a good linear correlation(More)
Native fucoidan, sulfated L-fucose polymer isolated from marine brown algae, has diverse biological activities including anticoagulant, anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects. Its anti-angiogenic effect is of interest and the mechanisms have been studied. However, recently, proangiogenic effect of low molecular weight (LMW) fucoidans has been demonstrated.(More)
Ds-echinoside A (DSEA), a non-sulfated triterpene glycoside, was isolated from the sea cucumber Pearsonothuria graeffei. In vitro and in vivo investigations were conducted on the effects of DSEA on tumor cell adhesion, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. In this study, we found that DSEA inhibited the proliferation of human hepatocellular liver carcinoma(More)
Changes in microbial flora of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) during storage at 5+/-1 degrees C were analyzed and the antimicrobial activity of chitosan was studied to identify its potential in shelf-life extension. The dominant microorganisms were found to be Pseudomonas (22%) and Vibrionaceae (20%) in raw oysters. During storage, proportion of(More)
In this study, we investigated the improvement of fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (CHS) from the cucumber Acaudina molpadioides on hyperglycemia in skeletal muscle of insulin resistant mice. CHS, rosiglitazone (RSG), and their combinations were supplemented to high-fat high-sucrose diet (HFSD)-fed C57BL/6J mice for 19 weeks. The results showed that CHS(More)
Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is an oxidation product of trimethylamine (TMA) and is present in many aquatic foods. Here, we investigated the effects of TMAO on glucose tolerance in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to the control, high fat (HF), and TMAO groups. The HF group was fed a diet containing 25% fat, and the(More)
Two sulfated triterpene glycosides, holothurin A(1) (HA(1)) and 24-dehydroechinoside A (DHEA), isolated from the sea cucumber Pearsonothuria graeffei, are of the holostane type with 18(20)-lactone and identical carbohydrate chains. DHEA has a side chain 23 (24)-double bond, while HA(1) has a hydroxyl group at C-21. In this study, we compared the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Echinoside A (EA) and ds-echinoside A (DSEA) are triterpene glycosides isolated from the sea cucumber Pearsonothuria graeffei. DSEA, the desulfurisation product of EA, has the following structure: β-D-xylopyranosyl-holost-8(9),11(12)-diene-3β,17α-diol. In the present study, we examined the anti-tumour activities-in particular, the(More)
The composition, molecular weight and in vitro antioxidant activity of various sulfated polysaccharides obtained by anion exchange chromatography, acid hydrolysis and radical process degradation of the crude sulfated polysaccharide extracted from Laminaria japonica were compared. The low sulfated F-A2, with a peak-molecular weight (Mp) of 5–15 kDa, 14.5%(More)
Cerebrosides are a kind of important bioactive substance in sea cucumber. A novel cerebroside, AMC-2, was purified from the less-polar lipid fraction of the sea cucumber Acaudina molpadioides by repeated column chromatography. The major structure of AMC-2 was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectra. The amide-linked fatty acid unit was confirmed to be(More)