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This study examined the role of Schwann cells and hematogenous macrophages in myelin degradation and Ia antigen expression during Wallerian degeneration of rodent sciatic nerve. To identify and distinguish between macrophages and Schwann cells we used, in addition to electron microscopy, immunocytochemical staining of teased nerve fibres and 1 microns thick(More)
The acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) form of the Guillain-Barre syndrome is a paralytic disorder of abrupt onset characterized pathologically by motor nerve fiber degeneration of variable severity and by sparing of sensory fibers. There is little demyelination or lymphocytic inflammation. Most cases have antecedent infection with Campylobacter jejuni(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1a is one of the liver-enriched transcription factors involved in many tissue-specific expressions of hepatic genes. The molecular mechanisms for determining HNF1a-mediated transactivation have not been explained fully. To identify unknown proteins that interact with HNF1a, we developed a co-IP-MS strategy to search HNF1a(More)
Programmed cell death is a fundamental requirement for embryogenesis, organ metamorphosis and tissue homeostasis. In mammals, release of mitochondrial cytochrome c leads to the cytosolic assembly of the apoptosome-a caspase activation complex involving Apaf1 and caspase-9 that induces hallmarks of apoptosis. There are, however, mitochondrially regulated(More)
The axonal patterns of Guillain-Barré syndrome, associated in many cases with antecedent Campylobacter jejuni infection, are now recognized as frequent causes of acute flaccid paralysis in some regions of the world. This study examined ultrastructurally the PNS of seven cases of the acute motor axonal neuropathy form of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In this(More)
Nerve growth factor receptor, expressed in Schwann cells during early development of the PNS, is rarely found in the normal mature PNS. Following nerve transection nerve growth factor receptor is re-expressed at high levels in the Schwann cells of the denervated nerve fibres. In this study we asked if demyelination caused by an immune-mediated process or by(More)
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