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Runx3/Pebp2alphaC null mouse gastric mucosa exhibits hyperplasias due to stimulated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in epithelial cells, and the cells are resistant to growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing action of TGF-beta, indicating that Runx3 is a major growth regulator of gastric epithelial cells. Between 45% and 60% of human gastric cancer(More)
Histone modification through acetylation and deacetylation is a key process in transcription, DNA replication, and chromosome segregation. During mitosis, histones are highly acetylated and chromatin is condensed. Here, we investigate the mechanistic involvement of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity in the regulation of mitotic checkpoint activation.(More)
STAT4, which plays a pivotal role in Th1 immune responses, enhances IFN-gamma transcription in response to the interaction of IL-12 with the IL-12R. Mice deficient in STAT4 lack IL-12-induced IFN-gamma production and Th1 differentiation and display a predominantly Th2 phenotype. Although these findings indicate that STAT4 expression levels are important for(More)
During the proliferation of T cells for successful immune responses against pathogens, the fine regulation of cell cycle is important to the maintenance of T cell homeostasis and the prevention of lymphoproliferative disorders. However, it remains to be elucidated how the cell cycle is controlled at the mitotic phase in proliferating T cells. Here, we show(More)
Leucine-rich repeat-containing 3B (LRRC3B) is an evolutionarily highly conserved leucine-rich repeat-containing protein, but its biological significance is unknown. Using restriction landmark genomic scanning and pyrosequencing, we found that the promoter region of LRRC3B was aberrantly methylated in gastric cancer. Gastric cancer cell lines displayed(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common primary cancer associated with high incidences of genetic variations including chromosome instability. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of HCC. However, no previous work has assessed whether HCV proteins are associated with the induction of chromosome(More)
Sturge-Weber syndrome can be associated with facial port-wine stains and intracranial calcification, and concurrent Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome has been reported. Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome is a rare congenital mesodermal phakomatosis characterized by cutaneous hemangiomas, venous varicosities and soft tissue or bone hypertrophy of the affected(More)
Despite the extensive studies on the roles of hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) in the development of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), the mechanisms by which HBx contributes to HCC remain controversial. In this study, the effect of HBx on the G(1)-S checkpoint control depending on the status of p53 was compared. Transcription of p21(waf1/cip1) was(More)