Chang-Sung Shin

Learn More
We sought to determine whether the clinically effective anticonvulsant drug valproate exhibited antiepileptogenic properties in the kindling model (we use the term anticonvulsant to mean suppression of seizure, and antiepileptogenic to mean suppression of development of epilepsy). We compared and contrasted valproate with two other anticonvulsant drugs,(More)
Expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos has been advanced as a marker of neuronal activity in the adult nervous system. We sought to test the validity of c-fos mRNA expression as a marker of neuronal activity during seizures and to elucidate specific neurotransmitter receptors whose activation was necessary for seizure-evoked c-fos mRNA expression. We(More)
Quantitative radiohistochemistry was utilized to study alterations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and benzodiazepine receptors in the kindling model of epilepsy. The radioligands used for GABA and benzodiazepine receptors were [3H] muscimol and [3H]flunitrazepam, respectively. GABA receptor binding was increased by 22% in fascia dentata of the(More)
Kindling is an animal model of epilepsy induced by electrical stimulation of the brain. This model has attracted the interest of many neuroscientists, in part because it involves a robust, permanent modification of brain function. This report will describe the kindling phenomenon and critically review current understanding of the underlying mechanisms. The(More)
A mass treatment of head louse infestation with Sumithrin powder (0.4% phenothrin) in primary school children was implemented during the period of September 1991-May 1992. The infestation rate of total 2,515 children was 38.6% in average (21.2% in boys and 57.2% in girls). The reduction rate of head louse infestation was 93.4% with a single treatment and(More)
We studied the effects of microinjected drugs and brainstem lesions on motor and limbic seizures in the kindling model of epilepsy. The duration of motor seizures was determined by timing the colonic and tonic movements of the extremities. The duration of limbic seizures was determined by measuring afterdischarge recorded on the electroencephalogram.(More)
We examined the effects of systemic administration of gamma-vinyl gamma-aminobutyric acid (GVG), a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase inhibitor, on the kindling model of epilepsy in rats. GVG (1200 or 1500 mg/kg) approximately doubled the number of stimulations required for kindling development. GVG also suppressed both generalized motor seizures(More)
We reexamined the efficacy of the clinically effective anticonvulsant drug phenytoin in the kindling model. We investigated the effects of varying doses of intravenous phenytoin on serum concentrations and on several indexes of stimulation-evoked kindled seizures. Intravenous phenytoin produced a dose-dependent increase in serum phenytoin concentration and(More)
Kindling is a phenomenon in which brief afterdischarges (ADs) evoked by periodic electrical stimulation of the brain eventually result in generalized clonic motor seizures. Once present, the enhanced sensitivity to electrical stimulation is lifelong. The mechanism by which brief ADs produce this long-lasting effect may involve a change in gene expression.(More)
Epilepsy is a collection of diverse disorders that together affect approximately 1% of the general population. Current therapies are largely symptomatic and are aimed at controlling seizures in affected individuals. This review focuses on emerging insights into mechanisms underlying the most common form of epilepsy--complex partial epilepsy--and also(More)