Chang Sub Ku

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Binding affinity of proanthocyanidin (PA) purified from Pinus radiata bark waste onto bovine Achilles tendon collagen (type I) was studied. Adsorption of PA onto the collagen was optimized by examining pH, contact time and temperature. The adsorption was pH-dependent. The maximum adsorption capacity (Q(0)) of PA on collagen was found to be 211 mg g(-1)(More)
Constituents of tars formed during the aging of bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens), oak (Quercus serrata), and pine (Pinus densiflora) wood crude vinegars were analyzed by pyrolysis-gas chromatography (Py-GC) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC-MS) to investigate their origination. The pyrolysate of tars obtained from the wood and bamboo(More)
The extraction of anthocyanin from Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) marc generated during traditional wine processing was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). A face-centered cube design (FCD) consisting of 17 experimental runs, including five replicates at the center point, was used to investigate the effects of the three variables(More)
The physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid (FA) profile, and triacylglyceride (TAG) composition of seed oils from fresh Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) fruits and traditional Bokbunja wine processing waste were determined in this study. Oil contents of the fresh seeds and the seeds from wine processing waste were similar, accounting for about 18% of dry(More)
The phenolic composition of pine bark from a variety of Pinus species was estimated by measuring Klason lignin, acid-soluble lignin, and a 1% NaOH extract. Polyphenol contents of hot water extracts from pine bark were determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu assay and the vanillin-H2SO4 assay. Among the pine bark varieties investigated, Pinus radiata bark showed(More)
Proanthocyanidins (PAs) in the hot water extract prepared from Pinus radiata bark were isolated by a Sephadex LH-20 chromatography. The PAs were characterized using UV/Visible, FT-IR and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic techniques, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS), and gel(More)
Hot water extract (HWE) from Pinus radiata bark was fractionated into monomeric polyphenol (MPP), oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPA), and polymeric proanthocyanidin (PPA) fractions by monitoring the UV-visible spectrum of the eluted fractions. Nine polyphenols were identified in MPP: three phenolic acids and six flavonoids. The major compounds of MPP were(More)
This study was performed to evaluate stabilization of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins by polyphenolic fractions in hot water extract (HWE) from Pinus radiata bark against enzymatic degradation and radicals. To obtain polyphenolic fractions with different molecular weight (MW) distribution, HWE was fractionated into monomeric polyphenols (MPP),(More)
The antioxidant potential of ethanol extracts from defatted Bokbunja seed wastes generated during wine processing were estimated by radical scavenging abilities (DPPH(*), H(2)O(2), and O(2)(*-)), retardation of lipid oxidation, and iron ion-chelating characteristics. For comparison, ethanol extracts from seeds of fresh ripe Bokbunja fruits were also used.(More)
Pine (Pinus densiflora) bark was chemically modified by grafting with acrylonitrile (AN) through Fenton reaction and conversion of the cyano group to an amidoxime group by reaction with hydroxylamine. Treatments of pine bark with 160 mM H2O2 at 40°C yielded ~70% grafting in 6-h reaction. After alkali hydrolysis of amidoximated pine bark (AOPB), its(More)