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Transparent electrodes have been widely used in electronic devices such as solar cells, displays, and touch screens. Highly flexible transparent electrodes are especially desired for the development of next generation flexible electronic devices. Although indium tin oxide (ITO) is the most commonly used material for the fabrication of transparent(More)
Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) atomic layers have a strong potential to be used as 2D electronic sensor components. However, intrinsic synthesis challenges have made this task difficult. In addition, the detection mechanisms for gas molecules are not fully understood. Here, we report a high-performance gas sensor constructed using(More)
T T he seasonal circulation and thermohaline structure in the Japan/East Sea (JES) were studied numerically using the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) with horizontal resolution (1/12)° × (1/12)° and 23 sigma levels conforming to a relatively realistic bottom topography. A two-step initialization technique is used. During the first step (restoring run), POM is(More)
We report the origin of the improvement of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of hybrid thin-film solar cells when a soluble C(60) derivative, [6,6]-phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), is introduced as a hole-blocking layer. The PCBM layer could establish better interfacial contact by decreasing the reverse dark-saturation current density,(More)
Highly efficient small-molecular organic hole-transporting materials (HTMs) are demonstrated by M. Song, S.-H. Jin, and co-workers on page 686. These HTMs have applications in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) inverted organic solar cells (IOSCs) based on N-atom-linked phenylcarbazole-fluorene as the main scaffold, end capped with(More)
3D hybrid plasmonic nanomaterials are composed of 3D-stacked Ag nanowires and nanoparticles separated by a nanoscale-thick alumina interlayer. The 3D hybrid plasmonic nanostructures exhibit strong plasmonic coupling between the ultrahigh populations of plasmonic nanomaterials, overcoming the physical limitation of inefficient plasmonic coupling of the Ag(More)
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