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Accurate predictions of benthic macrofaunal biodiversity greatly benefit the efficient planning and management of habitat restoration efforts in tidal flat habitats. Artificial neural network (ANN) prediction models for such biodiversity were developed and tested based on 13 biophysical variables, collected from 50 sites of tidal flats along the coast of(More)
Micromachined probes, with iridium (Ir) microelectrodes on silicon shanks, were evaluated to assess their suitability for cardiac electrogram recording. The electrochemical activation (anodic oxidation) procedure for the circular Ir microelectrode was investigated using the square wave potential according to the electrode size, number of cycles, and(More)
To improve functionality and performance, controlled drug-release coatings comprised of drug and polymer are integrated with traditional medical devices, e.g., drug eluting stents. Depending on manufacturing conditions, these coatings can exhibit complex microstructures. Previously, a thermodynamically consistent model was developed for microstructure(More)
A critical metrology issue for pharmaceutical industries is the application of analytical techniques for the characterization of drug delivery systems to address interrelationships between processing, structure, and drug release. In this study, cast coatings were formed from solutions of poly(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) (SIBS) and tetracycline in(More)
Drug-polymer composite coatings, composed of styrene-isobutylene-styrene (SIBS) tri-block copolymers, are frequently used in controlled drug release biomedical device applications. In this work, we used atomic force microscopy to characterize the effects of different drug loadings and polymer chemistries (i.e., block copolymer ratio) on the variation of(More)
A common method of controlling drug release has been to incorporate the drug into a polymer matrix, thereby creating a diffusion barrier that slows the rate of drug release. It has been demonstrated that the internal microstructure of these drug-polymer composites can significantly impact the drug release rate. However, the effect of processing conditions(More)
Cardiovascular drug-eluting stents (DES) are widely applied medical products to treat diseased narrowed arteries. Despite their wide application, there still are many clinical adverse effects associated with DES implantation. One of the major issues is that the coatings comprised of drug and polymer phases are often delaminated during the deployment of the(More)
The five parameter grain boundary character distribution quantifies the relative areas of different types of grain boundaries, distinguished by their lattice misorientation and grain boundary plane orientation. The viewpoint presented in this paper is that this distribution is a sensitive metric of polycrystalline structure that can be related to(More)
To identify factors that might affect capillary driving forces and interface structure-dependent mechanisms for coarsening, we have used a stereological analysis to determine the changes in the morphology of SrTiO 3 crystals in contact with a titania-rich liquid at 15001C. A combination of flat and curved surfaces is observed in contact with the liquid. The(More)
Electron backscattered diffraction has been used to determine the orientation of WC crystals in a WC-Co composite and atomic force microscopy has been used to measure the shapes of planar sections of the same crystals. A stereological analysis has been used to determine that { } 10 1 0 prism facets and the {0001} basal planes are the WC surfaces that are(More)