Learn More
Objective: Risperidone is known to be biotransformed to its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, by the polymorphic CYP2D6 in Caucasians. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the CYP2D6*10 allele and the plasma levels of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone in Korean schizophrenic patients. Methods: Eighty-two Korean schizophrenic(More)
Currently, obesity is considered a systemic inflammation; however, the effects of obesity on the vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons to oxidative stress are not fully defined. We evaluated the effects of high-fat diet-induced obesity (HF DIO) on neurotoxicity in mice treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Eight weeks after a HF(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects on the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) of genetic polymorphisms in P-glycoprotein (PGP) and the metabolic enzymes cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3). We analyzed five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 93 cancer-free volunteers and 111 patients(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) modifies the functions of a variety of proteins containing cysteine thiols or transition-metal centers, particularly by S-nitrosylation. In inflamed liver, NO is overproduced and hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, the flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) and cytochrome P450s (CYPs), are suppressed. However, the NO-related mechanisms(More)
OBJECTIVE The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is a useful model for studying the mechanisms of detrusor overactivity (DO). However, owing to their confounding phenotypic characteristics of hyperactive behaviour, there could be some problems with the interpretation of cystometric data, which is significantly confused by abdominal straining (AS), causing(More)
1. The expression of neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was studied in human retinal tissues. The cDNA sequence was cloned in human retinal poly (A)+ RNA by the RT-PCR method and encompassed an openreading frame of 4,302 bp encoding 1,434 amino acids. This sequence showed a possibility of genetic polymorphism in comparison to human brain form.(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of omeprazole on intragastric pH and gastrin release as well as the plasma concentration of omeprazole in relation to CYP2C19 genotypes after repeated doses in Korean patients. Twenty-six Korean patients with acid related disease were genotyped for CYP2C19 by allele specific PCR (wt/wt, CYP2C19*1/*1; wt/mut,(More)
In animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), the toxicity of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is mediated by oxidative stress, especially by nitric oxide (NO). Inhibition of NO synthase (NOS) activity in the brain produces a neuroprotective effect against PD induced by MPTP Green tea containing high levels of (-)-epigallocatechin(More)
Conditions that cause endoplasmic reticulum malfunction (ER stress) play a key role in the development of various human diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. Carnosine is an endogenous peptide, present in excitable tissues such as brain and skeletal muscle. Although there are reports suggesting that carnosine has a biological role independent of(More)