Chang Sheng Clement Loh

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To validate the English version of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in a sample of Malaysia patients with and without urinary symptoms. Validity and reliability were studied in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and patients without LUTS. Reliability was evaluated using the test-retest method and internal consistency was(More)
This present study was undertaken to validate the English version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) in urological patients. Validity and reliability were studied in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and patients without LUTS. Reliability was evaluated using the test-retest method and internal consistency was assessed using(More)
This study aimed to validate the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in the Malaysian urological population. Reliability and internal consistency were evaluated using the test-retest method and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Responsiveness was expressed as the effect size. Internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha value = 0.56(More)
We describe our approach to modeling timing of cell signaling systems in which existing information about the system spans from detailed mechanistic knowledge to much coarser observations about cause and effect. The results for several models emphasize the fact that the selection of timing implementation can have both qualitative and quantitative effects on(More)
Imagine the following scenario: A large game development company contacted a local high school about the opportunity to beta-test a new digital game pertaining to leadership training (twenty-fi rst century skills) for the seniors. The school administrator , the teachers, and the seniors are all excited about the possibilities offered by the game and are(More)
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