Chang Seon Song

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The study, using sequence analysis and the phylogenetic relationship of the fusion protein gene, divided the Korean epizootic isolates of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) into several lineages to determine the molecular epidemiology of the virus. A 695 base pair fragment was amplified by polymerase chain reaction between matrix protein gene and fusion protein(More)
The primary determinant of influenza virus infectivity is the type of linkage between sialic acid and oligosaccharides on the host cells. Hemagglutinin of avian influenza viruses preferentially binds to sialic acids linked to galactose by an α-2,3 linkage whereas hemagglutinin of human influenza viruses binds to sialic acids with an α-2,6 linkage. The(More)
A nephropathogenic K2/01 strain of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was attenuated by 170 serial passages in embryonated chicken eggs for possible use as a future IBV vaccine strain. High-growth properties and narrow tissue tropisms (limited replication in respiratory tracts) were achieved by the adaptation process. Unlike the parent strain, the attenuated(More)
Fourteen infectious bronchitis viruses (IBVs) were isolated in Korea between 2001 and 2003 from chickens suspected to be infected with IBVs. The nucleocapsid (N) protein genes of the various IBVs were amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and were cloned and sequenced, and the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were(More)
Suppression of interleukin (IL)-6 production has beneficial effects against various inflammatory diseases. Through a rapid screening system, we found that nitazoxanide, or 2-acetyloxy-N-(5-nitro-2-thiazolyl) benzamide, which is a well-known antiparasitic agent, suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of IL-6 from RAW 264.7 cells and mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza viruses cause acute respiratory disease. Because of the high genetic variability of viruses, effective vaccines and antiviral agents are limited. Considering the fact that the site of influenza virus entry is the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, probiotics that can enhance mucosal immunity as well as systemic immunity could be an(More)
Avian influenza is an acute viral respiratory disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae. The influenza A virus subtype H5 can cause severe illness and results in almost 100% mortality rate among livestock. Hemagglutinin (HA) present in the virus envelope plays an essential role in the initiation of viral infection. In this study, we(More)
We describe the status of plans to build an EnergyRecovery Linac (ERL) X-ray facility at Cornell University. This 5 GeV ERL is an upgrade of the CESR ring that currently powers the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) [1]. Due to its very small electron-beam emittances, it would dramatically improve the capabilities of the light source and result(More)
Intradermal DNA vaccination is a promising method of immunization that overcomes some practical drawbacks of conventional intramuscular vaccinations. However, it is difficult to deliver DNA vaccines to target cells in the skin and polyplexes. This study outlines the development of an intradermal pH1N1 DNA vaccine delivery platform using microneedles (MNs)(More)
The status of plans for an Energy-Recovery Linac (ERL) x-ray facility at Cornell University are described. Cornell currently operates the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) at the CESR ring. The ERL is planned to be an extension to that ring by a 5-GeV superconducting c.w. linac. The very small electron-beam emittances would produce an x-ray(More)