Chang Seok Song

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Many patients with end-stage renal disease have additional comorbidities that are important to clinical study and impact the patient's outcome. The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is a popular tool and a strong predictor of outcome in end-stage renal disease patients. We obtained comorbidity data from the hospital discharge database using(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Seasonal variation may influence the development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most epidemiologic studies on this topic have been conducted in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth dates and symptom flares follow a seasonal pattern in Korean patients with IBD. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Aberrant DNA methylation has a specific role in field cancerization. Certain molecular markers, including secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2 ), N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 4 (NDRG4) and bone morphogenic protein 3 (BMP3), have previously been shown to be hypermethylated in colorectal(More)
Recent studies have suggested that a higher red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the RDW in IBD patients without anemia has not been investigated. This study aimed to determine whether or not RDW could be used for the assessment of disease activity in IBD(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A dietary regimen consisting of a clear liquid diet (CLD) for at least 24 hours is recommended for colonoscopy preparation. However, this requirement results in problems in patient compliance with bowel preparation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a CLD compared with a regular diet (RD) for colonoscopy preparation using(More)
Breast metastases from an extramammary primary tumor are very rare and the prognosis for such patients is generally poor. We report here on a case of a 42-year-old female with metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer to the breast, and she is now being followed up on an outpatient basis. In 2004, she presented with a solitary pulmonary nodule in the left(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent studies have suggested that the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is superior to the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score as a predictor of postoperative mortality, especially up to 90 days. This study aimed to determine whether MELD score can predict the postoperative outcome of patients with liver cirrhosis in Korea. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ that secretes various metabolically important substances including adipokines, which represent a link between insulin resistance and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The factors responsible for the progression from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis remain elusive, but adipokine imbalance may(More)
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