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The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative pathogens poses a serious threat to public health worldwide. In particular, the increasing prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is a major source of concern. K. pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs) and carbapenemases of the oxacillinase-48 (OXA-48) type have been reported worldwide. New(More)
The increase of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) poses a worldwide and serious health threat. Although new antibiotics, such as daptomycin and linezolid, have been developed for the treatment of infections of Gram-positive pathogens, the emergence of daptomycin-resistant and linezolid-resistant(More)
The rapid increase of human infections by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative pathogens poses a serious health threat and demands the identification of new strategies, molecular targets, and agents for the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections. The biosynthesis of lipid A, the membrane-anchoring portion of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is one(More)
Genomic sequencing analysis and previous studies have shown that there are eight genes in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) encoding putative cellulases. One of these genes, sco6548, was cloned into the Streptomyces/Escherichia coli shuttle vector pUWL201PW. The recombinant protein was successfully overexpressed in S. lividans TK24 under the control of the(More)
Lon is an oligomeric ATP-dependent protease that degrades defective or denatured proteins as well as some folded proteins for the control of cellular protein quality and metabolism. Lon from Thermococcus onnurineus NA1 was purified and crystallized at 295 K. A 2.0 A resolution data set was collected using synchrotron radiation. The crystals belonged to(More)
Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) sco5931 gene was predicted to encode a putative xylanase A, a 477 amino acid protein belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 10. The entire sco5931 coding region was cloned and overexpressed in Streptomyces lividans TK24. Mature SCO5931 protein comprising 436 amino acids (47 kDa) was purified by single-step gel filtration(More)
In addition to the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (sugar PTS), most proteobacteria possess a paralogous system (nitrogen phosphotransferase system, PTS(Ntr)). The first proteins in both pathways are enzymes (enzyme I(sugar) and enzyme I(Ntr)) that can be autophosphorylated by phosphoenolpyruvate. The most striking difference between(More)
The bacterial phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system regulates a variety of physiological processes as well as effecting sugar transport. The crr gene product (enzyme IIA(Glc) (IIA(Glc))) mediates some of these regulatory phenomena. In this report, we characterize a novel IIA(Glc)-binding protein from Escherichia coli extracts, discovered using(More)
An Escherichia coli mutant devoid of enzyme IIA(Ntr) (EIIA(Ntr) ) of the nitrogen PTS is extremely sensitive to leucine-containing peptides due to decreased expression of acetohydroxy acid synthase. This decreased expression is due to defective potassium homeostasis. We further elucidate here the mechanism for regulation of gene expression by the(More)
While the proteins of the phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (carbohydrate PTS) have been shown to regulate numerous targets, little such information is available for the nitrogen-metabolic phosphotransferase system (nitrogen-metabolic PTS). To elucidate the physiological role of the nitrogen-metabolic PTS, we carried out phenotype(More)