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Liquid chromatography/ultraviolet (LC/UV) and mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (MS/MS) libraries containing 39 phenolic compounds were established by coupling a LC and an ion trap MS with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source, operated in negative ion mode. As a result, the deprotonated [M-H]- molecule was observed for all the analyzed compounds. Using(More)
The effect of H(2)O(2) supplement on cell growth and β-carotene productions in recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae CFW-01 and CFW-01 ctt1 deficiency in cytosolic catalase were investigated in shaking flasks. The results showed that supplement of H(2)O(2) (0.5 and 1.0 mM) can significantly stimulate the β-carotene production. However, β-carotene levels of(More)
Volatile components of nine litchi cultivars (10 samples) with high commercial value from Southern China were investigated by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with headspace solid phase microextraction. A total of 96 volatiles were detected, of which 43 were identified. Seventeen common volatiles in all the samples included linalool,(More)
3-Deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (DAHPS) is an entry enzyme of the shikimate pathway that connects primary carbohydrate metabolism with the biosynthesis of most secondary metabolites in plants. In the present study, two DAHPS cDNAs were cloned from grape berries (Vitis vinifera) and designated as VvDAHPS-1 and VvDAHPS-2. These two cDNA(More)
The accumulation of flavan-3-ols in response to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was investigated in grape berries with emphasis on the expression of three structural genes (VvANR, VvLAR1 and VvLAR2), and three regulatory genes (VvMYB5a, VvMYB5b and VvMYBPA1), and as well as the contents of flavan-3-ols. UV-A irradiation showed a promoting effect on the(More)
A rapid HPLC method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of 23 amino acids, 10 biogenic amines and the ammonium ion in wine. Samples were pre-column derivatised with diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate and separated using reversed-phase HPLC within 30 min. The matrix effect was evaluated when measuring samples taken from different stages of(More)
Flavonoids make a very important contribution to the organoleptic qualities of grapes and wines. In this work these were analyzed in Cabernet Sauvignon grown in Changli, Hebei Province in east China and Gaotai, Gansu Province in west China. These regions have distinctly different climates contributing to their different 'terroir'. RNA sequencing was(More)
Yan73 is a "teinturier" red wine variety cultivated in China and used in winemaking to strengthen red wine color. Here, the anthocyanin profile in both the skin and pulp of this grape variety was analyzed by HPLC-MS. The results showed that 18 anthocyanins were detected in both the skin and the pulp, and pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside, an anthocyanin compound(More)
Anthocyanins, synthesized via the flavonoid pathway, are a class of crucial phenolic compounds which are fundamentally responsible for the red color of grapes and wines. As the most important natural colorants in grapes and their products, anthocyanins are also widely studied for their numerous beneficial effects on human health. In recent years, the(More)
Proanthocyanidins (PAs), also known as condensed tannins, are a group of polyphenolic secondary metabolites synthesized in plants as oligomers or polymers of flavan-3-ol units via the flavonoid pathway. Due to their structural complexity and varied composition, only in the recent years has the study on the biosynthesis and regulation of PAs in plants taken(More)