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Five new N-containing compounds, neosalvianen (1), salvianen (2), salvianan (3), salviadione (4), and 5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde (5), were isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza. Their structures were mainly established by spectroscopic methods. Neosalvianen (1) and its analogues (6a, 6b) were synthesized for spectroscopic data comparison.(More)
Dengue virus possesses a protease complex made up of the non-structural proteins NS2B and NS3. This protease complex catalyzes autocleavage (cis) at the junction between NS2A and NS2B as well as between NS2B and NS3. It also catalyzes trans cleavage at the junctions between NS3 and NS4A as well as NS4B and NS5. The cis cleavage at the NS2B-NS3 junction has(More)
Plumbagin is found in many medicinal plants and has been reported to have antimicrobial activities. We examined the molecular responses of Escherichia coli to plumbagin by using a proteomic approach to search for bacterial genes up-regulated by the drug. The protein profile obtained was compared with that of E. coli without the plumbagin treatment.(More)
The cytotoxic effects of ginkgetin, a natural biflavone isolated from Selaginella moellendorffii Hieron, were evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay in three different human cell lines: ovarian adenocarcinoma (OVCAR-3), cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and foreskin fibroblast (FS-5). The concentrations of ginkgetin(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of Saussurea lappa led to the isolation of a novel lappadilactone (1) and seven sesquiterpene lactones (2-8) as cytotoxic principles against selected human cancer cell lines. Lappadilactone (1), dehydrocostuslactone (2), and costunolide (5) exhibited the most potent cytotoxicity with CD50 values in the range 1.6-3.5 microg/mL(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of extract of Arnebia euchroma led to the isolation of alkannin (1), shikonin (2), and their derivatives (3-8) as the active principles against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). The stereochemistry of alpha-methylbutyryl alkannin (8) is revealed for the first time,(More)
As part of an ongoing study of traditional Chinese medicinal plants, the root tissue of Salvia miltiorrhiza was further investigated for its chemical constituents. Five naturally occurring products along with 13 known constituents were isolated from an ethyl acetate-soluble portion of its ethanol extract. Their structures were elucidated by means of(More)
In the light of the steady increase of infections related to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the medicinal plant Magnolia officinalis was subjected to bioassay-directed fractionation, which led to the isolation of the known neolignans piperitylmagnolol (1), magnolol (2), and honokiol (3) from(More)
Neo-tanshinlactone (1) was isolated and synthesized for the first time and evaluated in vitro against several human cancer cell lines. Compound 1 showed significant inhibition against two ER+ human breast cancer cell lines and was 10-fold more potent and 20-fold more selective as compared to tamoxifen citrate. Compound 1 also potently inhibited an ER-,(More)
A series of 4,5-diarylisoxazoles related to combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines. Among them, compound 6e showed better cytotoxic activity than CA-4 in HeLa and HepG2 cell lines assayed with IC(50) value as low as 0.022 and 0.065nM, respectively.
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