Chang-Min Kang

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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-recognition receptors that connect innate and adaptive immunity. Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a proinflammatory, innate response cytokine that mediates pleiotropic effector functions in inflammatory synovitis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to clarify whether stimulation of TLR2 and TLR4 by their(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) and IgG fusion protein, CTLA4-Ig, is a therapeutic agent used for rheumatoid arthritis. It binds B7 molecules on dendritic cells (DCs) and thereby blocks B7/CD28 costimulatory interaction and inhibits effective T cell proliferation. However, the effect of CTLA4-Ig on the regulatory T cell (Treg) is still not known.(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by infiltrations of inflammatory cells accompanied by neovascularization in the joint. We hypothesized that cell activation via the toll-like receptor (TLR) may be involved in the induction of angiogenic molecules, which are relevant to the pathogenesis of RA. RA fibroblast like synoviocytes (FLS) were stimulated(More)
The homologue of human YTHDF2, Ydr374c (Pho92), is the only protein that has a YTH (YT521-B homology) domain in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Based on microarray analysis, genes involved in the phosphate signal transduction (PHO) pathway were up-regulated in the Δpho92 strain, as were genes regulated by Pho4, which is an important transcription factor in the(More)
Ydr374c (Pho92) contains a YTH domain in its C-terminal region and is a human YTHDF2 homologue. Previously, we reported that Pho92 regulates phosphate metabolism by regulating PHO4 mRNA stability. In this study, we found that growth of the ∆pho92 strain on SG media was slower than that of the wild type and that PHO92 expression was up-regulated by(More)
Interleukin (IL)-27 is a novel cytokine of the IL-6/IL-12 family that has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases and has a pivotal role as both a pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine. We investigated the in vivo effects of IL-27 on arthritis severity in a murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model and its mechanism of(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of toll-like receptor-3 (TLR3) on the regulation of osteoclastogenic activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) mRNA and protein in RA-FLS after TLR3 activation was determined using RT-PCR, real-time(More)
The interplay between the innate immune system and inflammatory bone destruction in the joints of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. This study was undertaken to explore the effect of toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) on the expression of RANKL and induction of osteoclastogenic activity. The(More)
We investigated the copper metabolism of Aspergillus fumigatus, which has not been characterized well. We cloned the putative copper transporters ctrA2 and ctrC from A. fumigatus and investigated the functions of these transporters in copper metabolism. Four putative copper transporters were identified in the A. fumigatus genome; ctrA2 and ctrC complemented(More)
Interleukin (IL)-27 is a heterodimeric cytokine that is known to have both stimulatory and inhibitory functions during immune responses. We investigated the effects of IL-27 on arthritis and bone erosion in the murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. We demonstrate that the inhibitory effect of IL-27 on osteoclastogenesis is associated with(More)