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The bone marrow microenvironment plays a role in myeloma cell proliferation and adhesion-mediated drug resistance. In this study, we investigated microRNA-21 (miR-21) expression changes in myeloma cells that adhered to bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). In addition, we studied the synergistic effect of miR-21 inhibition with dexamethasone (Dex), doxorubicin(More)
SUMMARY Based on surface morphology, 6 hair cell types have been identified on the sensory epithelia of the bullfrog otolithic and auditory organs. One of these types apparently is the morphogenetic precursor of vibrational and auditory hair cells. Another type, with a kinocilium several times as long as the longest stereocilia, apparently mediates(More)
Small cell networks have recently been proposed as an important evolution path for the next-generation cellular networks. However, with more and more irregularly deployed base stations (BSs), it is becoming increasingly difficult to quantify the achievable network throughput or energy efficiency. In this paper, we develop an analytical framework for(More)
Historically, the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) was the unique satellite sensor used to collect the nighttime light, which is an efficient means to map the global economic activities. Since it was launched in October 2011, the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) sensor on the Suomi National(More)
The purpose of the dbNSFP is to provide a one-stop resource for functional predictions and annotations for human nonsynonymous single-nucleotide variants (nsSNVs) and splice-site variants (ssSNVs), and to facilitate the steps of filtering and prioritizing SNVs from a large list of SNVs discovered in an exome-sequencing study. A list of all potential nsSNVs(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by abnormal production of autoantibodies and proinflammatory cytokines. Although interleukin-33 (IL-33), a novel number of the IL-1 family, has been reported to have proinflammatory effects, the association of IL-33 with SLE has remained unknown. The aim of this study was to examine(More)
CCR5 serves as an essential coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry, and individuals with a CCR5(Δ32) variant appear to be healthy, making CCR5 an attractive target for control of HIV-1 infection. The CRISPR/Cas9, which functions as a naturally existing adaptive immune system in prokaryotes, has been recently harnessed as a novel(More)
LL-Z1272β (1) is a prenylated aryl-aldehyde produced by several fungi; it also serves as a key pathway intermediate for many fungal meroterpenoids. Despite its importance in the biosynthesis of natural products, the molecular basis for the biosynthesis of 1 has yet to be elucidated. Here we identified the biosynthetic gene cluster for 1 from Stachybotrys(More)
Two recombinant fowlpox viruses (rFPV-ORF5-ORF3 and rFPV-IL-18-ORF5-ORF3) containing the ORF5/ORF3 cDNAs of PRRSV (strain Chang Chun) and IL-18 of swine were constructed and evaluated for theirs abilities to induce humoral and cellular responses in piglets. In addition, their abilities to protect piglets against homologous virus challenge were examined. All(More)