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Injuries missed at initial diagnoses or operations have the potential to cause disastrous complications in abdominal trauma patients. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the causes and the outcomes of missed abdominal injuries. Twelve patients (2%) with missed injuries were identified among 607 abdominal trauma patients operated on from 1985 to(More)
A series of phospholipids, including previously undescribed compounds 4-7, were isolated by a bioactivity-guided fractionation from the marine sponge Spirastrella abata as inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis in human liver cells. These compounds were identified as lyso-PAF analogues (1-5) and lysophosphatidylcholines (6, 7) based on NMR and MS analyses.(More)
The application of the high-producing pigments industrial strain Monascus purpureus SM001 has been greatly limited by the synchronous production of mycotoxin citrinin. Here we have tried both traditional mutagenesis and metabolic engineering methods to eliminate the production of citrinin. Traditional chemical and physical mutagens were applied to induce(More)
Angiogenic activity of Aloe vera gel was investigated by in vitro assay. We obtained the most active fraction from dichloromethane extract of Aloe vera gel by partitioning between hexane and 90% aqueous methanol. The most active fraction (F3) increased the proliferation of calf pulmonary artery endothelial (CPAE) cells. In addition, F3 fraction induced CPAE(More)
We present a case of a subcutaneous encapsulated fat necrosis of the upper extremity that mimicked subcutaneous liposarcoma because of heterogeneous signal intensity, its relatively large size, and pronounced enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For this case, we present the radiologic findings including MRI, positron emission(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although perioperative cholangiography is valuable and highly accurate in the detection of common bile duct (CBD) stones, its routine use is controversial, particularly in the era of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of its inherent disadvantages. The purposes of this retrospective and prospective study on cholelithiasis were to(More)
In the Far East, hepatic resection is the definitive treatment for complicated intrahepatic stones (IHS). However, many investigators have reported that the associated intrahepatic biliary stricture is the main cause of treatment failure. A retrospective comparative study was undertaken to clarify the long-term efficacy of hepatic resection for treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have concluded that delayed or interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) demonstrated higher conversion rates and complication rates compared with early LC. However, if the acutely inflamed gallbladder is decompressed by emergent percutaneous gallbladder drainage (PGBD), it may decrease the(More)
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk (E. alba) is a traditionally acclaimed medicinal herb used for the promotion of hair growth. However, to the best of our knowledge, no report has been issued to date on its effects on genetically distorted hair follicles (HFs). In this study, we aimed to identify an agent (stimuli) that may be beneficial for the restoration of human(More)
Oxidative stress is a major damaging factor for plants exposed to environmental stresses. In order to develop transgenic potato plants with enhanced tolerance to environmental stress, the genes of both Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase were expressed in chloroplasts under the control of an oxidative stress-inducible SWPA2 promoter(More)