Chang-Jun Liu

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Summary The functions of phenylpropanoid compounds in plant defence range from preformed or inducible physical and chemical barriers against infection to signal molecules involved in local and systemic signalling for defence gene induction. Defensive functions are not restricted to a particular class of phenylpropanoid compound, but are found in the simple(More)
In view of their perceived chemopreventive activities against hormone-dependent cancers, cardiovascular disease, and postmenopausal ailments, there is considerable interest in engineering plants to contain isoflavone phytoestrogens. However, attempts to date have only resulted in low levels of isoflavone accumulation in non-legumes. Introducing soybean(More)
Sorghum is considered to be one of the more allelopathic crop species, producing phytotoxins such as the potent benzoquinone sorgoleone (2-hydroxy-5-methoxy-3-[(Z,Z)-8',11',14'-pentadecatriene]-p-benzoquinone) and its analogs. Sorgoleone likely accounts for much of the allelopathy of Sorghum spp., typically representing the predominant constituent of(More)
Cell suspensions of the model legume Medicago truncatula accumulated the isoflavonoid phytoalexin medicarpin in response to yeast elicitor or methyl jasmonate (MJ), accompanied by decreased levels of isoflavone glycosides in MJ-treated cells. DNA microarray analysis revealed rapid, massive induction of early (iso)flavonoid pathway gene transcripts in(More)
Resveratrol and related stilbenes are thought to play important roles in defence responses in several plant species and have also generated considerable interest as nutraceuticals owing to their diverse health-promoting properties. Pterostilbene, a 3,5-dimethylether derivative of resveratrol, possesses properties similar to its parent compound and,(More)
Mining of Medicago truncatula EST databases and screening of a root cDNA library led to the identification of three cytochrome p450 81E subfamily members. Two were functionally characterized by expression in yeast. The recombinant enzymes in yeast microsomes utilized the same isoflavone substrates, but produced different products hydroxylated at the 2'(More)
In plants, type I and II S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent O-methyltransferases (OMTs) catalyze most hydroxyl group methylations of small molecules. A homology-based RT-PCR strategy using Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) RNA previously identified six new type I plant OMT family members. We now describe the molecular and biochemical(More)
The use of nanotechnology to develop a suite of sustainable energy production schemes is one of the most important scientific challenges of the 21st century. The challenge is to design, to synthesize, and to characterize new functional nanomaterials with controllable sizes, shapes, and/or structures. To summarize the progress of the research and development(More)
Shape controlled Au nanocrystal growth in ionic liquid has been studied by glow discharge plasma reduction. In an 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([bmim][BF(4)]) solution with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) as surfactant, Au nanocrystals grow from faceted NPs to peanut-like particle aggregates, and eventually worm-like nanorods and nanowires as(More)