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Stress in adulthood can have a profound effect on physiology and behavior, but the extent to which prolonged maternal stress affects the brain function of offspring when they are adult remains primarily unknown. In the present work, chronic immobilization stress to pregnant mice affected fetal growth and development. When pups born from stressed mice were(More)
Seizures have been reported to modify neural development in the immature brain. In this study, we attempted to determine whether pentylenetetrazol (a GABAergic receptor antagonist, PTZ)-induced seizures influence cell proliferation in zebrafish larvae (5 and 15 days of post-fertilization), using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) to label dividing cells. In the(More)
Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) has been shown to induce seizure-like behavior, learning deficits in passive avoidance response test, and an increase in hsp70 (heat shock protein 70) mRNA expression in the adult zebrafish; PTZ has been increasingly appreciated as an excellent model system for the study of seizures. In this study, we demonstrate that valproic acid(More)
Glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent survival factor for several types of neurons. In the present study, we examined the protective roles of adenoviral-vector-delivered GDNF (Ad-GDNF) in the hippocampus damaged by kainic-acid (KA)-induced excitotoxicity using GAD-67 immunoreactivity, immunoblot analysis, behavioral test,(More)
In this study, the effects of scopolamine, an acetylcholine muscarinic receptor antagonist, and physostigmine, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, on the learning ability and memory of zebrafish were evaluated using a passive avoidance response test. The zebrafish were trained to stay in a dark compartment to avoid a weight dropping into an acryl shuttle(More)
In Mg2+ -free aCSF, bursting discharges were induced in the posterior telencephalon of zebrafish following an electrical stimulation of the anterior telencephalon. The bursting discharges were partially reduced by CNQX (10 microM), an AMPA receptor antagonist, and the remaining activity was completely blocked by an additional treatment of APV (50 microM),(More)
In this study, we have assessed the effects of muscarinic receptor activation on neural activity in the telencephalon of the zebrafish. Electrically evoked field potentials via the stimulation of the posterior dorsal telencephalon were recorded in the anterior dorsal telencephalon of the ipsilateral hemisphere, with a peak latency of 20-30ms. The(More)
The distribution of GABA-containing neurons was studied in the brain of the adult zebrafish by Nissl staining and immunohistochemistry. GABA immunoreactivity (GABA-IR) was demonstrated in parts of the brain such as olfactory bulb (OB), telencephalon, tectum stratum, and in the hypothalamus. GABA-IR appeared in the area where Nissl-stained cell bodies were(More)
L-LTP (late-phase long-term potentiation) at thalamo-amygdala synapses is thought to be critical for auditory fear conditioning, but it has not been clear what kinds of surface receptors and channels are involved in the induction phase of the L-LTP. Here we report that the NMDA receptor antagonist D-AP5 (50 microM), the L-type calcium channel antagonist(More)
We tested the effects of dehydroevodiamine.Cl (DHED) on field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) evoked by the electrical stimulation of Schaffer collaterals-commissural fibres in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices. Bath applications of 10 microM DHED for 20 or 40 min induced long-lasting facilitation of fEPSPs, which outlasted the presence(More)