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Benzothiadiazole (BTH) is a so-called plant activator and protects plants from diseases by activating the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway. By microarray screening, we identified BTH- and SA-inducible WRKY transcription factor (TF) genes that were upregulated within 3 h after BTH treatment. Overexpression of one of them, WRKY45, in rice (Oryza sativa)(More)
Pikahei-1(t) is the strongest quantitative trait locus (QTL) for blast resistance in upland rice cv. Kahei, which has strong field resistance to the rice blast disease. A high-quality bacterial artificial chromosome library was used to fine-map Pikahei-1(t) within ~300 kb on the 31-Mb region on rice chromosome 4. Of the 42 predicted open reading frames,(More)
A small world phenomenon has been discovered in a wide range of disciplines, such as physics, biology, social science, information system, computer networks, etc. In a wireless network, the small world phenomenon is used in the development of novel routing strategies. However, past studies made use of wire lines as shortcuts to construct a small world in a(More)
The rice transcription factor WRKY45 plays a crucial role in salicylic acid (SA)/benzothiadiazole (BTH)-induced disease resistance. Its knockdown severely reduces BTH-induced resistance to the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae and the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). Conversely, overexpression of WRKY45 induces extremely strong(More)
This paper proposes a simple and scalable approach to multisink routing scheme in wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor network is a rapidly growing discipline, with new technologies emerging and new applications under development. In addition to providing light and temperature measurements, wireless sensor nodes have applications such as security(More)
WRKY45 transcription factor is a central regulator of disease resistance mediated by the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway in rice. SA-activated WRKY45 protein induces the accumulation of its own mRNA. However, the mechanism underlying this regulation is still unknown. Here, we report three lines of evidence showing that a mitogen-activated protein(More)
Plant activators such as benzothiadiazole (BTH) protect plants against diseases by priming the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway. In rice, the transcription factor WRKY45 plays a central role in this process. To investigate the mechanism involved in defense-priming by BTH and the role of WRKY45 in this process, we analyzed the transcripts of(More)
Membrane trafficking plays pivotal roles in many cellular processes including plant immunity. Here, we report the characterization of OsVAMP714, an intracellular SNARE protein, focusing on its role in resistance to rice blast disease caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae. Disease resistance tests using OsVAMP714 knockdown and overexpressing rice(More)
Plants, as sessile organisms, survive environmental changes by prioritizing their responses to the most life-threatening stress by allocating limited resources. Previous studies showed that pathogen resistance was suppressed under abiotic stresses. Here, we show the mechanism underlying this phenomenon. Phosphorylation of WRKY45, the central transcription(More)
Rice blast resistance caused by Resistance (R) genes, most of which encode coiled-coil (CC), nucleotide-binding (NB), and leucine-rich-repeat (LRR) domains, is race-specific. Panicle blast 1 (Pb1) is a panicle blast resistance gene that confers a durable non-race-specific blast resistance to rice. Despite being non-R, Pb1 also encodes a CC-NB-LRR protein.(More)