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UV radiation induces two major classes of pyrimidine dimers: the pyrimidine [6-4] pyrimidone photoproduct (6-4 product) and the cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD). Many organisms produce enzymes, termed photolyases, that specifically bind to these damage products and split them via a UV-A/blue light-dependent mechanism, thereby reversing the damage. These(More)
This review focuses on the recent development and various strategies in the preparation, microstructure, and magnetic properties of bare and surface functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs); their corresponding biological application was also discussed. In order to implement the practical in vivo or in vitro applications, the IONPs must have combined(More)
Surface functionalized magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) are a kind of novel functional materials, which have been widely used in the biotechnology and catalysis. This review focuses on the recent development and various strategies in preparation, structure, and magnetic properties of naked and surface functionalized iron oxide NPs and their(More)
A bilinear matrix system (BMS) is proposed as a general semi-blind learning framework for modeling matrix-formatted data and for extracting matrix-formatted inner factors. Different special cases of this framework lead to a family of typical learning tasks. The problem of learning such a semi-blind BMS learning is formulated as a problem of learning a(More)
BACKGROUND Markers to predict the efficacy of bevacizumab treatment have been not fully validated in most cancers, including metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in predicting the survival benefit from first-line bevacizumab treatment, in Chinese patients with mCRC.(More)
Water-soluble hollow spherical magnetite (Fe 3 O 4) nanocages (ca. 100 nm) with high saturation magnetization are prepared in a one-pot reaction by sol-gel method and subsequent annealing to synthesise the ma-ghemite (c-Fe 2 O 3) nanocages with similar nanostructures. The nanocages have been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission(More)
Ideal SERS substrates for sensing applications should exhibit strong signal enhancement, generate a reproducible and uniform response, and should be able to fabricate in large-scale and low-cost. Herein, we demonstrate low-cost, highly sensitive, disposable and reproducible SERS substrates by means of screen printing Ag nanoparticles (NPs) on a plastic PET(More)
Many methods have been reported to improving the photocatalytic efficiency of organic pollutant and their reliable applications. In this work, we propose a facile pathway to prepare three different types of magnetic iron oxides/TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) by seed-mediated method. The hybrid NPs are composed of spindle, hollow, and ultrafine iron oxide(More)
The development of synthetic process for hollow silica materials is an issue of considerable topical interest. While a number of chemical routes are available and are extensively used, the diameter of hollow silica often large than 50 nm. Here, we report on a facial route to synthesis ultrafine hollow silica nanoparticles (the diameter of ca. 24 nm) with(More)