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Methylation events play a critical role in various cellular processes including regulation of gene transcription and proliferation. Recently, RUNX3 gene, one of TGF-beta-Smads signaling transduction pathway genes, showed strong tumor-suppressor activity by regulation of epithelial proliferation and apoptosis. To elucidate the potential etiological role of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a zinc finger tumor suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in several human cancers and is broadly involved in differentiation and development, growth-related signal transduction, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential etiological role of(More)
There is evidence that deregulation of apoptosis is mechanistically involved in cancer development and somatic mutations of apoptosis-related genes have been reported in human cancers. BID, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, interconnects the extrinsic apoptosis pathway initiated by death receptors to the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To explore the(More)
Evidence exists that deregulation of apoptosis is involved in the mechanisms of cancer development, and the somatic mutations of apoptosis-related genes have been reported in human cancers. Bcl-XL/Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad), a proapoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, plays an important role in the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To explore the(More)
EPHB2 is a member of the Eph receptor tyrosine kinase family and a direct transcriptional target of beta-catenin/TCF. EPHB2 plays an important role in maintaining the correct positioning of the proliferative compartment in the crypt-villous axis. A loss of EPHB2 expression has been observed in human tumors, particularly in colonic adenomas and carcinomas. A(More)
Ras proteins control signaling pathways that are key regulators of several aspects of normal cell growth and malignant transformation. BRAF, which encodes a RAF family member in the downstream pathway of RAS, is somatically mutated in a number of human cancers. The activating mutation of BRAF is known to play a role in tumor development. As there have been(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In the past decade, many chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients have undergone sequential treatment with lamivudine (LAM), adefovir (ADV), and entecavir (ETV) to manage antiviral resistance or insufficient suppression of HBV-DNA. Very limited data are available on the efficacy of tenofovir (TDF) rescue regimens in patients with multidrug(More)
The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) has recently received considerable attention in efforts to understand mechanisms of hyperalgesia and persistent pain states. Three classes of neurons can be identified in the RVM based on responses associated with nocifensive reflexes: on cells, off cells, and neutral cells. There is now direct evidence that on cells(More)
SIAH-1: is the mammalian homolog of Drosophila seven in absentia (sina) and has been identified as a p53-inducible gene. Siah-1 can induce cell cycle arrests, tumor suppression, and apoptosis through a novel beta-catenin degradation pathway. To determine whether genetic alterations of Siah-1 gene are involved in the development and/or progression of gastric(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There has been evidence that dysregulation of apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of cancer development. Caspase-8 is an initiation caspase that activates the caspase cascade during apoptosis. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility that mutation of the caspase-8 gene might be involved in the development of colorectal(More)