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The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) has recently received considerable attention in efforts to understand mechanisms of hyperalgesia and persistent pain states. Three classes of neurons can be identified in the RVM based on responses associated with nocifensive reflexes: on cells, off cells, and neutral cells. There is now direct evidence that on cells(More)
PURPOSE Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancers are aggressive tumors with venous and lymphatic invasion and hepatic metastasis. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether somatic changes of the AFP-negative regulator AT motif binding factor-1 (ATBF1) gene are involved in the development or progression of gastric cancers and the(More)
There is now direct evidence that a class of neurons in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) exerts a net facilitatory influence on spinal nociception. The present experiments were designed to test whether activation of these neurons, referred to as "on-cells", is required as part of a positive feedback loop leading to secondary hyperalgesia in acute(More)
Recently, the -160 C/A polymorphism, located within the regulatory region of Ecadherin promoter, has been shown to influence E-cadherin transcription by altering transcription factor binding. We examined the effect of this polymorphism on risk of gastric cancer and on histological classification of intestinal- and diffuse-type gastric cancer in 146 normal(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma is one of the most difficult malignancies to cure. An important prognostic factor is metastasis, which precludes curative surgical resection. Recent evidence shows that capsaicin has an inhibitory effect on cancer cell migration and invasion. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the capsaicin-induced anti-migration and(More)
Evidence exists that deregulation of apoptosis is involved in the mechanisms of cancer development, and the somatic mutations of apoptosis-related genes have been reported in human cancers. Bcl-XL/Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad), a proapoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, plays an important role in the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To explore the(More)
Therapeutic bronchoscopy is widely employed as an effective first-line treatment for patients with central airway obstructions. Airway fires during rigid bronchoscopy are rare, but can have potentially devastating consequences. Pulmonologist and anesthesiologist undertaking this type of procedure should be aware of this serious problem and be familiar with(More)
Hemoptysis is a common complication of pulmonary tuberculosis. Most of the cases of hemoptysis originate from hypertrophied bronchial arteries. Also, diabetes induces pulmonary vascular abnormalities such as endothelial dysfunction, inflammatory infiltration and pulmonary vascular remodeling. A 27-year-old male, with diabetes and a history of tuberculosis,(More)
Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder caused by the piriformis muscle (PM) compressing the sciatic nerve (SN). The main symptom of PS is sciatica, which worsens with certain triggering conditions. Because the pathophysiology is poorly understood, there are no definite diagnostic and therapeutic choices for PS. This case report(More)