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In order to get insight into the mechanism of cadmium (Cd)-induced brain injury, we investigated the effects of Cd on the induction of COX-2 and ICAM-1 in bEnd.3 mouse brain endothelial cells (EC). Cd stimulated PGE(2) release in a time and dose dependent manner, which was accompanied by increase of COX-2 expression. The thiol-reducing antioxidant(More)
A novel Na+/H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) inhibitor [5-(2-methoxy-5-chloro-5-phenyl)furan-2-ylcarbonyl]guanidine (KR-32570) has been previously demonstrated to elicit cardioprotective effect against ischemic injury in rat heart. In the present study, we examined the effects of KR-32570 on cell death induced by hypoxic insult in heart-derived H9c2 cells. Treatment(More)
Cadmium (Cd), a ubiquitous heavy metal, has been shown to accumulate in the central nervous system, especially outside of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), suggesting a potential toxicity to nervous tissue. Thus, we investigated the effect of Cd on intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression, as an indicator of BBB injury, in mouse brain microvessel(More)
Our previous report has showed that the treatment of 48 h with 22 mM glucose prevents hypoxia-induced cardiac cell death. In the present study, we investigated whether high glucose affects the mitochondrial death pathway during hypoxia, and if it does, what relates to the high glucose induced cardioprotection. Heart-derived H9c2 cells were incubated in low(More)
COX-2 and prostaglandins (PGs) might play important roles in epilepsy. In kainic acid-induced seizures, the brain largely increases PGD(2), first from COX-1 and later COX-2-induced PGF(2alpha). Pre-treatment with COX-2 inhibitors such as indomethacin, nimesulide, and celecoxib is known to aggravate kainic acid (KA)-induced seizure activity. However it is(More)
Neural-cadherin (N-cadherin), a member of the classical cadherin family of transmembrane glycoproteins, mediates cellular recognition and cell-cell adhesion through calcium-dependent homophilic interactions and plays important roles in the development and maintenance of the nervous system. Metalloproteinase is known to cleave N-cadherin, which is further(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), a product of the cyclooxygenation of arachidonic acid released from membrane phospholipids, plays a critical role in inflammatory neurodegenerative conditions. Despite its classic role as a proinflammatory molecule, exogenous PGE(2) was suggested to have protective roles against neuronal death, although the exact protective(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is growing awareness of the beneficial potential of onion intake to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, there is little information about the effect of onion on ischemic heart injury, one of the most common cardiovascular diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY This study investigates the effect of the methanol-soluble extract of onion(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) is a glucose metabolism intermediate that shows a neuroprotective action in animal models of ischemia and other injuries. The intracellular mechanism of FBP on neuroprotection has not been previously defined. Here, we examined whether FBP has a neuroprotective effect against excitotoxicity, and whether it affects the(More)
Cadmium (Cd), an ubiquitous heavy metal, is known to be accumulated outside of the blood-brain barrier. In this study, we investigated whether Cd has cytotoxicity in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). Results from the cell viability assay showed that Cd caused a remarkable decrease in cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. The cell(More)