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Baker's cyst is a distension of the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa of the knee, which communicates with the posterior portion of the joint capsule. Baker's cyst is commonly located in the inferomedial or superficial layers of the knee joint and rarely extends laterally or proximally. Complications of Baker's cysts are dissection, rupture,… (More)
PURPOSE We attempted to identify changes in back muscle atrophy occurring in multilevel minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion (MITLIF) and the impact of these changes on clinical outcomes. METHODS This study was conducted on 92 patients who underwent unilateral MITLIF between 2006 and 2013, had been tracked with a follow-up for at least 1… (More)
Angular deformities of the distal femur occur in congenital diseases or due to acquired causes, such as malunion after a fracture of the distal femur. Angular deformities of the lower extremities affect the mechanical axis, causing changes in the weight pressure on the articular surface. As a result, angular deformities quicken the progression of… (More)
We present a case of a congenital form of a boutonniere deformity involving both little fingers with a poorly differentiated extensor mechanism and the absence of the tendinous attachment on the dorsal aspect of the middle phalanx. This complex deformity was evaluated histologically followed by successful reconstruction of the central slip.