Chang-Hoon Woo

Learn More
Intramuscular injection of DNA vaccines elicits potent humoral and cellular immune responses in mice. However, DNA vaccines are less efficient in larger animal models and humans. To gain a better understanding of the factors limiting the efficacy of DNA vaccines, we used fluorescence-labeled plasmid DNA in mice to 1) define the macroscopic and microscopic(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes high early mortality in pneumococcal pneumonia, which is characterized by acute lung injury (ALI). The molecular mechanisms underlying ALI and the high early mortality remain unknown. Despite recent studies that identify deubiquitinating enzyme cylindromatosis (CYLD) as a key regulator for T cell development,(More)
Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with airway remodeling and tissue injury in asthma. However, little is known about how MMP-9 is up-regulated in airway epithelial cells. In this study, we show that phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) induces MMP-9 expression via a protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha)-dependent signaling cascade in(More)
Exogenous application of beta-amyloid (Abeta(25-35), a fragment of Abeta(1-42)) significantly elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in C6 astroglioma cells, as measured by confocal microscopic analysis of H(2)O(2)-sensitive 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin fluorescence. Subsequent characterization of the signalling pathway revealed that expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) in sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to study the functional capacity of sCD40L in mediating B cell activation. METHODS A 2-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure sCD40L in the sera of 66 SLE patients, 30 disease control patients, and 23 healthy(More)
We have identified a novel signaling pathway that leads to expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in murine macrophages in response to the bacterial endotoxin, LPS. We showed that p38 kinase was essential for this induction and observed that LPS-induced MMP-9 expression was sensitive to rottlerin, a putative protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta)(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) decrease the production of cytokine and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, which are associated with aging-related inflammation and insulin resistance. Recently, the involvement of the induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in regulating inflammation has been suggested, but the exact(More)
Lung injury, whether induced by infection or caustic chemicals, initiates a series of complex wound-healing responses. If uncontrolled, these responses may lead to fibrotic lung diseases and loss of function. Thus, resolution of lung injury must be tightly regulated. The key regulatory proteins required for tightly controlling the resolution of lung injury(More)
Midkine is a multifunctional growth factor, and its serum levels are increased with the functional severity of heart failure. This study aimed to examine the role of midkine in heart failure pathogenesis. Midkine expression levels were increased in the kidney and lung after transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery, but not sufficiently increased in the(More)
The roles of Rac and p38 kinase in the activation of cPLA2 (cytosolic PLA2) in Rat-2 fibroblasts were investigated. In the present study, we found that PMA activates cPLA2 by a Rac-p38 kinase-dependent pathway. Consistent with this, Rac, if activated, was shown to stimulate cPLA2 in a p38 kinase-dependent manner. In another experiment to understand the(More)