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This study focused on the cloning, expression, and characterization of ginsenoside-transforming recombinant β-glucosidase from Actinosynnema mirum KACC 20028T in order to biotransform ginsenosides efficiently. The gene, termed as bglAm, encoding a β-glucosidase (BglAm) belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family 3 was cloned. bglAm consisted of 1,830 bp(More)
This study focused on the enzymatic biotransformation of the major ginsenoside Rb1 into Rd for the mass production of minor ginsenosides using a novel recombinant β-glucosidase from Flavobacterium johnsoniae. The gene (bglF3) consisting of 2,235 bp (744 amino acid residues) was cloned and the recombinant enzyme overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)(More)
How environmental cues regulate adult stem cell and cancer cell activity through surface receptors is poorly understood. Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs), a family of seven secreted glycoproteins, are known to support the activity of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro and in vivo. ANGPTLs also have important roles in lipid metabolism,(More)
The gene encoding an α-l-arabinofuranosidase that could biotransform ginsenoside Rc {3-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1–2)-β-d-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-[α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1–6)-β-d-glucopyranosyl]-20(S)-protopanaxadiol} to ginsenoside Rd {3-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1–2)-β-d-glucopyranosyl]-20-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol} was cloned from a soil(More)
Conventional strategies are not particularly successful in the treatment of leukaemia, and identification of signalling pathways crucial to the activity of leukaemia stem cells will provide targets for the development of new therapies. Here we report that certain receptors containing the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) are crucial for(More)
A novel α-l-arabinofuranosidase (Abf22-3) that could biotransform ginsenoside Rc into Rd was obtained from the ginsenoside converting Leuconostoc sp. strain 22-3, isolated from the Korean fermented food kimchi. The gene, termed abf22-3, consisting of 1,527 bp and encoding a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 58,486 Da was cloned into the pMAL-c2x(More)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-E is a non-classical major histocompatibility complex class I (Ib) molecule, which plays an important role in immunosuppression. In this study, we investigated the immunomodulating effect of HLA-E in a xenogeneic system, using human placental artery-derived endothelial (hPAE) cells expressing HLA-E in a mouse model. In vitro(More)
A novel β-glucosidase (BglPm) was identified from Paenibacillus mucilaginosus KCTC 3870(T) which has ginsenoside converting activity. The gene, termed bglPm, consists of 1,260 bp and belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 1 (GH1). After being overexpressed and purified from Escherichia coli, the enzymatic properties of BglPm were investigated. The enzyme(More)
The ginsenoside Rg2(S), which is one of the pharmaceutical components of ginseng, is known to have neuroprotective, anti-inflammation, and anti-diabetic effects. However, the usage of ginsenoside Rg2(S) is restricted owing to the small amounts found in white and red ginseng. To enhance the production of ginsenoside Rg2(S) as a 100 gram unit with high(More)
The focus of this study was the cloning, expression, and characterization of recombinant ginsenoside hydrolyzing β-glucosidase from Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus with an ultimate objective to more efficiently bio-transform ginsenosides. The gene bglAch, consisting of 1,260 bp (419 amino acid residues) was cloned and the recombinant enzyme, overexpressed in(More)
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