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TNFalpha has recently emerged as a regulator linking inflammation to cancer pathogenesis, but the detailed cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying this link remain to be elucidated. The tuberous sclerosis 1 (TSC1)/TSC2 tumor suppressor complex serves as a repressor of the mTOR pathway, and disruption of TSC1/TSC2 complex function may contribute to(More)
Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1), a Bcl-2-like antiapoptotic protein, plays a role in cell immortalization and chemoresistance in a number of human malignancies. A peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase, Pin1 is involved in many cellular events, such as cell cycle progression, cell proliferation, and differentiation through isomerizing prophosphorylated(More)
—In March and April 2009, an outbreak of H1N1 influenza in Mexico led to hundreds of confirmed cases and a number of deaths. The worldwide spread of H1N1 had attracted everyone's attention and arisen an overwhelm fear. Up to now, there is still an urgent need in the solution for ending this fight. In this study, a QSAR model of neuraminidase (NA) type 1(More)
Endometriosis displays features similar to malignancy, ranging from neovascularization to local invasion and aggressive spread to distant organs. The altered vascular-related genes might be related to the development of endometriosis. This study investigates whether angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) *A2350G and A-240T gene polymorphisms could be used as(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is one of the most common forms of autoimmune nephritic syndrome in adults. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether polymorphisms of PLA2R1 affect the development of IMN. METHODS Taiwanese-Chinese individuals (129 patients with IMN and 106 healthy controls) were enrolled in this study. The(More)
Murine olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) promote central nervous system axonal regeneration in models of spinal cord injury. We investigated whether OECs could induce a neuroplastic effect to improve the neurological dysfunction caused by hypoxic/ischemic stress. In this study, human OECs/olfactory nerve fibroblasts (hOECs/ONFs) specifically secreted(More)
The RAS-ERK pathway is known to play a pivotal role in differentiation, proliferation and tumour progression. Here, we show that Erk downregulates Forkhead box O 3a (FOXO3a) by directly interacting with and phosphorylating FOXO3a at Ser 294, Ser 344 and Ser 425, which consequently promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. The ERK-phosphorylated FOXO3a(More)
Missense mutations in the gamma2 subunit of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor gene have recently been described in families with idiopathic generalized epilepsies. This study aimed to evaluate whether polymorphisms of the gamma2 subunit of the GABA receptor gene are associated with idiopathic generalized epilepsies. A total of 77 children with(More)
Secretoneurin (SN), a neuropeptide derived from secretogranin II, promotes neurite outgrowth of immature cerebellar granule cells. SN also aids in the growth and repair of neuronal tissue, although the precise mechanisms underlying the promotion of brain tissue neuroprotection and plasticity by SN are not understood. Here, in a rat model of stroke and in(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a cytokine with anti-inflammatory properties. This study was undertaken to investigate whether IL-4 intron 3 gene polymorphism could be used as markers of susceptibility to febrile seizures and epilepsy of children. Children were divided into three groups: group 1, febrile seizures (n = 51); group 2, epilepsy (n = 43); and group 3,(More)