Learn More
In this study, we showed the presence of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) mRNA in the rat brain using Northern blot analysis and revealed its localization using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Although the expression level is less than peripheral steroidogenic organs, the brain has two kinds of StAR transcripts with the same size as(More)
The present study investigated the expression pattern of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) mRNA in several brain regions and peripheral endocrine organs using Northern blot, RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. StAR mRNA in the adrenal gland was detected at birth and decreased for 2 weeks postnatally. In gonads, it was also detected at birth though(More)
Mast cells (MC) may be one factor influencing the response of visceral afferent nerves to mechanical and chemical stimuli. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of infiltration and activity of colonic MC in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Biopsy specimens were obtained from the cecum and rectum of 14 diarrhea predominant IBS and 14 normal(More)
Betaxolol is a beta-adrenergic blocker but its neuroprotective action is generally thought to be due to its calcium channel blocking properties. In this study, we investigated neuronal cell damage and changes in the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) immunoreactivity in the ischemic retina and its relationship to the neuroprotection of(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is often effective for intractable epilepsy, but its antiepileptic mechanisms remain largely unknown. Within the cell death/survival pathway, Akt and its downstream protein Bad play an important role in kainic acid (KA)-induced cell death. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a KD on KA-induced changes in the Akt/Bad/14-3-3(More)
This study was performed to elucidate the protection afforded by post-treatment with Betoptic (0.25% betaxolol) against neuronal cell damage after ischemia/reperfusion insult in rats. Betaxolol was applied topically after the start of reperfusion and its effect was evaluated by morphometry and choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity of retinas at 7 days(More)
Patterns of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in retinal ischemia were studied utilizing a transient high intraocular pressure (HIOP) model. We investigated neuronal cell damage and changes in eNOS immunoreactive expression in the ischemic retina, and its relationship to the neuroprotection of betaxolol treatment after ischemic injury.(More)
Citicoline is an essential endogenous intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine, which acts as a therapeutic agent in models of central nervous system injury and neurodegenerative diseases. The present study investigated the effects of citicoline on extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) expression in the rat retina after kainic(More)
Calcineurin (CaN) is a calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase that has an important role in ischemia-induced apoptosis. The serine/threonine kinase, Akt, which is also known as protein kinase B, has an important role in the cell death/survival pathways. Akt is activated by its phosphorylation, which is positively regulated by phosphatidylinositol(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) increased the expression of calbindin-D(28k) (CB) in the interneurons of the hippocampus compared with the normal diet (ND)-fed mice. Also, 2 days after kainic acid (KA) administration, numerous CB-expressing astrocytes were found in the KD-fed mice compared with those of the ND-fed mice. These results suggest that the(More)