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The discovery of copy number variation (CNV) in the genome has provided new insight into genomic polymorphism. Studies with chickens have identified a number of large CNV segments using a 385k comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) chip (mean length >140 kb). We present a detailed CNV map for local Chinese chicken breeds and commercial chicken lines using(More)
A new conditioning procedure, developed for the operant learning paradigm at the flight simulator, leads to stronger learning scores in wild-type flies. This procedure produces mean learning indices up to LI = 0.52. The heat-avoidance behavior acquired during training is very difficult to extinguish during extinction. Memory decays quickly during the first(More)
BACKGROUND European Organization for Research and Treatment quality of life (QOL) questionnaire (QLQ-C30) has been used frequently and many language versions have been developed, including the simplified Chinese version. It is important to study psychometric properties of the simplified Chinese version from the clinical standpoint. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse comparatively the relevant data from bone tumor registries in China, Japan, and the United States. METHODS The data of 38,959 histologically confirmed primary bone tumors collected by the Chinese Bone Tumor Registry 1957-1988, 20,272 collected by the Japanese Bone Tumor Registry 1972-1990, and 11087 diagnosed and treated at Mayo(More)
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Emerging evidences suggest that the abnormal mitochondrial fission participates in pathogenesis of cardiac diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure. However, the molecular components regulating mitochondrial network in the heart remain largely(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a wide-spectrum antitumor drug, but its clinical application is limited by its cardiotoxicity. However, the mechanisms underlying DOX-induced cardiomyopathy remain mostly unclear. Here we observed that apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) was downregulated in mouse heart and cardiomyocytes upon DOX treatment.(More)
The abnormal autophagy is associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as new factors in gene regulation, but how lncRNAs operate in the regulation of autophagy in the heart is unclear. Here we report that a long noncoding RNA, named autophagy promoting factor (APF), can regulate autophagic cell death by(More)
Recent work on operant visual learning and memory in Drosophila has suggested at least three distinct memory phases. Trying to disrupt memory pharmacologically, we fed flies with ouabain or the depolarizing drugs potassium chloride (KCl), lithium chloride (LiCl) and monosodium glutamate for some specific time before training. The depolarizing drugs(More)
BACKGROUND Cold ischemic injury in liver storage is an important issue pertaining to liver transplantation. Glycyrrhizin (GL), the glycoconjugated triterpene produced by the root of the licorice plant, has been used to treat chronic hepatitis; however, its function against cold ischemia injury remains unknown. METHODS Livers from Wistar rats were(More)
Dietary or nutrient patterns represent the combined effects of foods or nutrients, and elucidate efficaciously the impact of diet on diseases. Because the pharmacotherapy on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was reported be associated with certain side effects, and the etiology of ADHD is multifactorial, this study investigated the association(More)