Chang-Er Chen

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A novel passive water sampler (diffusive gradients in thin-films for organics, o-DGT) was previously developed and successfully tested in the laboratory, but has not yet been validated in the field. Here, o-DGT samplers were deployed in the influent and effluent of a typical UK wastewater treatment plant (WWTP); the influent was also sampled with a(More)
Passive water sampling has several advantages over active methods; it provides time-integrated data, can save on time and cost compared to active methods, and yield high spatial resolution data through co-deployment of simple, cheap units. However, one problem with many sampler designs in current use is that their uptake rates for trace substances of(More)
The occurrence of antibiotics in the environment has raised much concern in recent years. Understanding their release, fate and behaviour in the environment is vital to assess potential risks. In this study, a novel passive water sampler - diffusion gradients in thin-films for organics (o-DGT) - was employed to assess the occurrence and removal of(More)
Although sorption/desorption of antibiotics in soils affects their mobility and availability, with consequences for risks to the surrounding environment, the dynamics of these processes are not well-known. In this study, diffusive gradients in thin-films devices suitable for measuring polar organic compounds (o-DGT) were deployed in two soils for a range of(More)
Techniques, such as Diffusive Gradients in Thin-films (DGT), which either minimally disturb the soil or perturb it in a controlled way are most likely to provide information relevant to toxicity. Herein, we report the first use of DGT for organics (o-DGT) in soil systems to gain insight into the mobility and lability of four antibiotics-sulfamethoxazole(More)
Hydroxylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) are contaminants of emerging concern in the aquatic environment, so it is of great significance to understand their environmental transformation and toxicity. This study investigated the aqueous photochemical behavior of four OH-PAHs, 9-Hydroxyfluorene (9-OHFL), 2-Hydroxyfluorene, 9-Hydroxyphenanthrene(More)
Hydroxyl polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) are derived from hydroxylated PAHs as contaminants of emerging concern. They are ubiquitous in the aqueous and atmospheric environments and may exist in the polar snow and ice, which urges new insights into their environmental transformation, especially in ice. In present study the simulated-solar (λ > 290(More)
A sensitive method for simultaneous determination of 20 trace organic chemicals (TOrCs, including preservatives, antioxidants, disinfectants, oestrogens, alkyl-phenols and bisphenol-A) in surface water and wastewater has been developed and validated based on the optimisation of solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(More)
Thousands of chemicals are commercially produced throughout the world and the total number increases each year. Environmental monitoring is required to access their release to and exposure and effects in the environment. Traditional sampling approaches such as grab and automatic samplings are time/cost consuming and labour intensive. While passive sampling(More)
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