Learn More
It has been known that the structural transition from PrP(C) to PrP(Sc) leads to the prion formation. This putative conformational change challenges the central dogma of the protein folding theory-"one sequence, one structure." Generally, scientists believe that there must be either a posttranslational modification or environmental factors involved in this(More)
We have demonstrated that an extract of Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi or Ling-Zhi) polysaccharides (EORP) exerts immunomodulating activities by stimulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines from mouse spleen cells. Interestingly, via responding to LPS in genetic variation of murine macrophage HeNC2 and GG2EE cell lines, and using TLR4 Ab blockage in(More)
Cathepsin S is a cellular cysteine protease, which is frequently over-expressed in human cancer cells and plays important role in tumor metastasis. However, the role of cathepsin S in regulating cancer cell survival and death remains undefined. The aim of this study was to determine whether targeting cathepsin S could induce autophagy/apoptosis in cancer(More)
A fucose-containing glycoprotein fraction which stimulates spleen cell proliferation and cytokine expression has been identified from the water-soluble extract of Ganoderma lucidum. Proteomic analysis of mouse spleen cells treated with this glycoprotein fraction showed approximately 50% change of the proteome. Further studies on the activities of this(More)
The Cu(I)-catalyzed alkyne-azide [2 + 3] cycloaddition has been demonstrated to be an effective and orthogonal conjugation reaction to covalently immobilize biomolecules on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). The azido group on the MNP surface provides better conjugation efficiency with alkynated molecules. Moreover, the C-terminal alkynated protein was(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Chinese herbal medicines on the enzymatic activity of CYP3A4 and the possible metabolism-based herb-drug interactions in human liver microsomes and in rats. Fifty single-herbal preparations were screened for the activity of CYP3A4 using human liver microsomes for an in vitro probe reaction study. The(More)
The synthesis, characterization and biological application of mannose encapsulated gold nanoparticles (m-AuNP) are reported. m-AuNP is well dispersed and very stable without aggregation in the media of broad ion strength and pH ranges. The selective binding of m-AuNP to the mannose adhesin FimH of bacterial type 1 pili is demonstrated using transmission(More)
Compared to monovalent carbohydrates, multivalent carbohydrate ligands exhibit significantly enhanced binding affinities to their interacting proteins. Here, we report globotriose (P(k) ligand)-functionalized gold nanoparticle (AuNP) probes for the investigation of multivalent interactions with the B(5) subunit of Shiga-like toxin I (B-Slt). Six(More)
The consumption of Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) is increasing exponentially. Many patients utilize CHMs concomitantly with prescription drugs in great frequency. Herb-drug interaction has hence become an important focus of study. Transporter-mediated herb-drug interactions have the potential to seriously influence drug efficacy and toxicity. Since(More)