Chanel L. Roland

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In this case-control study, the authors aimed to examine whether use of an electric bedding device increased breast cancer risk in African-American women. Cases were 304 African-American patients diagnosed with breast cancer during 1995-1998 who were aged 20-64 years and lived in one of three Tennessee counties. Controls were 305 African-American women(More)
PURPOSE Studies of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and breast cancer in African American women have been few. We conducted a case-control study to examine whether BMI is associated with risk of breast cancer in this population. METHODS Cases were 304 women diagnosed with breast cancer at the ages of 20 to 64 years. Controls were 305 women(More)
BACKGROUND Older African-American women with single marital status are least likely to use screening procedures. This study aimed to evaluate a breast screening intervention program conducted in this population. METHODS Ten public housing complexes were randomly assigned to either the intervention or the control group. African-American women aged 65 and(More)
Barriers to engaging African Americans as research participants may be accentuated among older single African-American women partly because of financial, social, physical, and cognitive factors. This article shows our multifaceted strategies and experiences in the recruitment of single African-American women aged 65 and older in a cancer prevention and(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to estrogen is a risk factor for breast cancer. Since estrogen executes its effect through estrogen receptors (ERs), the relationship between menstrual factors, which are estrogen-related, and breast cancer may be different depending upon ER status of tumors. This case-control study aimed to examine such a relationship according to ER(More)
OBJECTIVE Using baseline data from an intervention study, we examined cognitive, psychological, social and medical care factors in relation to the use of a mammogram in the preceding year among single African-American women aged 65 and older. METHODS Study subjects were 325 African-American women aged 65 and older who were divorced, widowed, separated or(More)
Menstrual characteristics may serve as surrogate measures of endogenous estrogen and may be related to breast cancer risk. No previous studies have systematically investigated menstrual factors in relation to the disease in African-American women. This case-control study is aimed to assess the relationship between menstrual factors and breast cancer in(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies show that an Mspl polymorphism in the 3'-noncoding region of the CYP1A1 gene is associated with breast cancer in African-American women but not in Caucasian women. In addition, an African-American-specific (AAS) polymorphism is located in intron 7 of this gene. We hypothesized that the AAS polymorphism may partially account for(More)
Objectives: Recent molecular studies show that the absence of estrogen receptor (ER) α gene expression in breast cancer is associated with methylation of the CpG island located in the 5′ region and the first exon of the ER α gene. Because CpG island methylation is an early event in carcinogenesis and because a methyl-deficient diet may lead to abnormal DNA(More)
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