Chandrika Jayakanthi Subasinghe

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Addition of antisense oligonucleotides to cell cultures has been used to specifically inhibit gene expression. We have investigated the mechanism by which oligonucleotides enter living cells. These compounds are taken up by cells in a saturable, size-dependent manner compatible with receptor-mediated endocytosis. Polynucleotides of any length are(More)
We have studied the translation of rabbit globin mRNA in cell free systems (reticulocyte lysate and wheat germ extract) and in microinjected Xenopus oocytes in the presence of anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides. Results obtained with the unmodified all-oxygen compounds were compared with those obtained when phosphorothioate or alpha-DNA was used. In the wheat(More)
We have recently shown that phosphorothioate (PS) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) analogs, unlike their normal congeners, exhibit significant anti-HIV activity (Matsukura et al., (1987) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84, 7706-7710). We now report the syntheses, melting temperatures (Tm), and nuclease susceptibilities of a series of phosphorothioate ODN analogs.(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides specific for sequences in mRNAs from the B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (BCL2) gene were used to inhibit the growth in culture of a human leukemia cell line, 697. Normal phosphodiester (PO) and nuclease-resistant phosphorothioate (PS) oligodeoxynucleotides were compared with regard to specificity, potency, and kinetics. Both PO(More)
The title compounds were chemically synthesized as their 5'-dimethoxytrityl derivatives by base-catalyzed reaction of 35S-enriched elemental sulfur with support-bound hydrogen phosphonate oligomer. This was derived from adamantane carbonyl chloride-activated coupling of nucleotide hydrogen phosphonate monomers, and similarly activated capping with isopropyl(More)
Sequences from the gag, pol and rev regions of the RF strain of HIV-1 (HIV-1RF) were chosen as targets for antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-oligos). These sequences were the p18/p24 junction in gag, the active site of HIV protease in pol; a sequence from the first exon of the rev gene and S-oligodeoxycytidylic acid controls. Compounds(More)
Certain phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide (S-oligo) analogs, unlike their normal congeners, have been found to exhibit significant anti-HIV activity [Matsukura et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84 (1987) 7706-7710]. Here we report melting temperatures (Tm) of a series of S-oligos compared with those of the corresponding normal oligomers. The Tm's for(More)
BACKGROUND Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited salt-wasting tubulopathy associated with mutations in the SLC12A3 gene, which encodes for NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the kidney. CASE PRESENTATION In this report, we describe two siblings from a Sri Lankan non-consanguineous family presenting with hypokalaemia associated with(More)
Phosphorothioate homo-oligodeoxynucleotides have recently been found to protect ATH-8 cells against the cytopathic effect of de novo infection by HIV. The effect is dose and chain-length dependent, with a maximum effect seen for 21-28-mers. We have now synthesized a series of phosphorothioate oligomers with mixed-based sequences and found that all of them(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides specific for sequences in mRNAs from the B-cell Iymphoma/leukemia-2 (BCL2) gene were used to inhibit the growth in culture of a human leukemia cell line, 697. Normal phosphodiester (PO) and nuclease-resistant phosphorothioate (PS) oli godeoxynucleotides were compared with regard to specificity, potency, and kinetics. Both PO(More)