Chandrashekhar V. Patel

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Adult vascular smooth muscle cells dedifferentiate and reenter the cell cycle in response to growth factor stimulation. Here we describe the molecular cloning from vascular smooth muscle, the structure, and the chromosomal location of a diverged homeobox gene, Gax, whose expression is largely confined to the cardiovascular tissues of the adult. In quiescent(More)
We report here the cloning of a cDNA encoding a homeobox transcription factor from vascular smooth muscle and describe its unique pattern of mRNA expression at different stages in development. The cDNA isolated is 1576 base pairs in length not including the poly(A) tail and contains an open reading frame coding for a predicted 372-amino acid homeobox(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue factor, which is required for the initiation of the extrinsic coagulation cascade, is known to be upregulated in cells within atherosclerotic lesions, including smooth muscle cells. Tissue factor expression on the smooth muscle cell surface could be of pathological significance as a contributor to plaque growth, thrombus formation, and the(More)
Cytokine-induced expression of adhesion molecules such as ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin, on activated endothelial cells (EC) plays an essential role in the development of inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis. Transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is mainly responsible for the induced expression of these adhesion molecules in(More)
Tissue remodeling and alterations in cellular differentiation occur in the cardiovascular system during normal development and pathologic conditions such as cardiac hypertrophy and atherosclerosis. Homeobox genes encode transcription factors that have been shown to be regulators of body-plan formation, cell growth, differentiation, and region-specific cell(More)
HOXA9 is a homeobox transcription factor expressed in endothelial cells (EC) and its expression is rapidly downregulated during EC activation by inflammatory signals like tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Recently, we have shown that HOXA9 overexpression prevents EC activation by inhibiting NF-kappaB activity, which(More)
Cellular stresses such as disruption of calcium homeostasis, inhibition of protein glycosylation, and reduction of disulfide bonds result in accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and lead to cell death by apoptosis. Tunicamycin, which is an inhibitor of protein glycosylation, induces ER stress and apoptosis. In this study, we(More)
Regulatory sequences of the M isozyme of the creatine kinase (MCK) gene have been extensively mapped in skeletal muscle, but little is known about the sequences that control cardiac-specific expression. The promoter and enhancer sequences required for MCK gene expression were assayed by the direct injection of plasmid DNA constructs into adult rat cardiac(More)
PACT is a stress-modulated activator of interferon (IFN)-induced double-stranded (ds) RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) and is an important regulator of PKR-dependent signaling pathways. Stress-induced phosphorylation of PACT is essential for PACT's association with PKR leading to PKR activation. PKR activation by PACT leads to phosphorylation of(More)
The expression of the class 1 homeobox (HOX) family of "master control" transcription factors has been studied principally in embryogenesis and neoplasia in which HOX genes play a critical role in cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. We wished to test whether HOX family members were also involved in a differentiation-like process occurring in(More)