Chandrakant Shivappa Karigar

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A large number of enzymes from bacteria, fungi, and plants have been reported to be involved in the biodegradation of toxic organic pollutants. Bioremediation is a cost effective and nature friendly biotechnology that is powered by microbial enzymes. The research activity in this area would contribute towards developing advanced bioprocess technology to(More)
An aerobic microorganism with an ability to utilize phenol as carbon and energy source was isolated from a hydrocarbon contamination site by employing selective enrichment culture technique. The isolate was identified as Arthrobacter citreus based on morphological, physiological and biochemical tests. This mesophilic organism showed optimal growth at 25°C(More)
The antifungal activity of hevein-like proteins has been associated with their chitin-binding activities. Pn-AMP1 and Pn-AMP2, two hevein homologues from Pharbitis nil, show in vitro antifungal activities against both chitin and non-chitin containing fungi. Purified Pn-AMPs retained antifungal activities only under non-reducing conditions. When Pn-AMP2 cDNA(More)
The effect of biotic elicitors on the production of bilobalide and ginkgolides in Ginkgo biloba cell suspension cultures was studied. The treatment of cell cultures with Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus as elicitors increased the amounts of bilobalide (BB), ginkgolide A (GA) and ginkgolide B (GB), with slight growth inhibition. The native(More)
A rapid micropropagation system for Scopolia parviflora Nakai (Solanaceae), a rare medicinal plant native to Korea, was established using rhizome cultures. Shoots that originated from adventitious shoots of the rhizome were multiplied when the rhizomes were cultured on half-strength B5 liquid medium supplemented with various growth regulators. Optimum shoot(More)
An efficient plant regeneration protocol for shoot organogenesis from Hovenia dulcis callus cultures was established. Induction of organogenic callus was achieved on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 4.65 μM kinetin and 4.5 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Further differentiation of organogenic callus into primordia, shoot-like(More)
The production of tropane alkaloids during differentiation and de-differentiation of Scopolia parviflora calli was studied. Tropane alkaloid production drastically decreased during calli de-differentiation. Scopolamine (1) production decreased after 10 days of culture, whereas that of hyoscyamine (2) decreased during de-differentiation of root to calli. The(More)
Cell suspension cultures of Capsicum annuum L. cv. P1482 were fed with exogenous ferulic acid to monitor their biotransformation abilities. A portion of the ferulic acid was biotransformed into vanillin, a major natural flavor, and capsaicin, a principle secondary metabolite characteristic of Capsicum species. The cellular vanillin concentrations were(More)
Aspergillus niger (AG-1) metabolized dimethylterephthalate through monomethylterephthalate, terephthalate and protocatechuate. Degradation of dimethylterephthalate was followed by extraction of residual dimethylterephthalate from the spent medium. The quantitative UV analysis showed that 58% of the dimethylterephthalate supplement was taken up in 144 h. The(More)
Pseudomonas fluorescens-CS2 metabolized ethylbenzene as the sole source of carbon and energy. The involvement of catechol as the hydroxylated intermediate during the biodegradation of ethylbenzene was established by TLC, HPLC and enzyme analysis. The specific activity of Catechol 2,3-dioxygenase in the cell free extracts of P. fluorescens-CS2 was determined(More)