Chandrakala Prasad

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BACKGROUND Primary small cell carcinoma of the vagina is rare, with only nine cases published to date. The authors report what they believe to be the first case of primary small cell carcinoma of the vagina arising in a setting of atypical adenosis. METHODS The tumor was studied by light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Mucinous differentiation of the endometrium can occur in a spectrum of changes ranging from benign (metaplasia) to malignant (adenocarcinomas with mucinous differentiation). Mucinous proliferations with simple architecture are generally considered benign; however, more complex growth patterns have an uncertain biologic behavior, particularly when(More)
The consistent histologic distinction of HPV-related precursor lesions from nonspecific epithelial changes is hampered by the fact that the scoring of nuclear atypia is subjective and nuclear alterations or cytoplasmic halos may occur with both HPV and non-HPV-related changes. To determine the potential role of another parameter--bi- or multinucleated(More)
Extracts of human term amnion, placenta, and chorion/decidual tissue (n = 5) contained gastrin-releasing peptide-like immunoreactivity (GRPLI) in amounts of 4.7 +/- 2.9 (pmol/g wet wt; mean +/- SEM), 3.6 +/- 1.1 and 2.9 +/- 1.5, respectively. Using C-terminally directed antisera and gel filtration chromatography and reverse-phase high-performance liquid(More)
Mutation or overexpression of certain host genes, including c-myc, Ha-ras, and Ki-ras, have been associated with genital squamous neoplasia, specifically in the cervix, and have been implicated in the natural history of these tumors. The relationship of these host gene alterations to vulvar squamous cell carcinomas has not been previously studied. We(More)
The histologic criteria for reactive/reparative lesions and precursor lesions (squamous intraepithelial lesions; SIL) of the cervix are established, but a proportion of cervical biopsies contains squamous epithelial alterations that do not fall into either category (nondiagnostic squamous atypia or atypical squamous epithelium of undetermined significance).(More)
In therapeutic abortions, the major issue of concern to physicians and patients is the documentation of an intrauterine pregnancy and its successful termination. We describe an inexpensive cytologic approach by which results can be obtained in a few hours and a permanent method of documentation provided. Three hundred cases of therapeutic abortion were(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has long been recognized as the etiologic agent of skin and genital warts, and only recently has an oncogenic role been attributed to the virus. This article discusses the classification, genetics, and pathogenesis of HPV. HPV detection, epidemiology of HPV and cervical neoplasia, and HPV infections in the genital tract are also(More)
We describe a female adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin with stage 2B disease. The presence of peritoneal implants suggests a more aggressive clinical course than is usually expected. We present the findings of light microscopic and ultrastructural evaluation as well as those of immunohistochemical and DNA ploidy analysis, which, to our knowledge,(More)
INTRODUCTION Coinciding treatment with periods of accelerated skeletal growth and maturation might be advantageous in clinical practice. Better understanding of the concordance between skeletal and chronologic ages during the period that children frequently receive orthodontic treatment is needed. The literature on skeletal age determination from hand-wrist(More)