Chandra P. Joshi

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We assessed the effects of long-term habitat fragmentation on genetic (random amplified polymorphic DNA) diversity in 11 Peromyscus maniculatus populations in the Lake Superior watershed. We analysed genetic structure at two spatial scales and the effect of island size and isolation on genetic diversity. At the regional scale, island populations differed(More)
We investigated the kinetics of photoreversal from the I(1) and I(2) intermediates of photoactive yellow protein (PYP) by time-resolved optical absorption spectroscopy with double flash excitation. A first flash, at 430 nm, initiated the photocycle. After a variable time delay, the I(1) intermediate was photoreversed by a second flash, at 500 nm, or a(More)
Metalloregulators regulate transcription in response to metal ions. Many studies have provided insights into how transcription is activated upon metal binding by MerR-family metalloregulators. In contrast, how transcription is turned off after activation is unclear. Turning off transcription promptly is important, however, as the cells would not want to(More)
In the Y42F mutant of photoactive yellow protein (PYP) the photoreceptor is in an equilibrium between two dark states, the yellow and intermediate spectral forms, absorbing at 457 and 390 nm, respectively. The nature of this equilibrium and the light-induced protonation and structural changes in the two spectral forms were characterized by transient(More)
We investigated the photocycle of mutants Y98Q and Y98F of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) from Halorhodospira halophila. Y98 is located in the beta4-beta5 loop and is thought to interact with R52 in the alpha3-alpha4 loop thereby stabilizing this region. Y98 is conserved in all known PYP species, except in Ppr and Ppd where it is replaced by F. We(More)
The kinetics of the photocycle of PYP and its mutants E46Q and E46A were investigated as a function of pH. E46 is the putative donor of the chromophore which becomes protonated in the I(2) intermediate. For E46Q we find that I(2) is in a pH-dependent equilibrium with its precursor I(1)' with a pK(a) of 8.15 and n = 1. From this result and from experiments(More)
The signaling state of the photoreceptor photoactive yellow protein is the long-lived intermediate I(2)'. The pH dependence of the equilibrium between the transient photocycle intermediates I(2) and I(2)' was investigated. The formation of I(2)' from I(2) is accompanied by a major conformational change. The kinetics and intermediates of the photocycle and(More)
The effect of ionic strength on the conformational equilibrium between the I(2) intermediate and the signaling state I(2)' of the photoreceptor PYP and on the rate of recovery to the dark state were investigated by time-resolved absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. With increasing salt concentration up to approximately 600 mM, the recovery rate k(3)(More)
Since the habitat of Halorhodospira halophila is distinctly alkaline, we investigated the kinetics and intermediates of the photocycle and photoreversal of the photoreceptor photoactive yellow protein (PYP) from pH 8 to 11. SVD analysis of the transient absorption time traces in a broad wavelength range (330-510 nm) shows the presence of three spectrally(More)
Understanding how cells regulate and transport metal ions is an important goal in the field of bioinorganic chemistry, a frontier research area that resides at the interface of chemistry and biology. This Current Topic reviews recent advances from the authors' group in using single-molecule fluorescence imaging techniques to identify the mechanisms of metal(More)