Chandra M Khantwal

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The role of riboflavin in cell maintenance and growth, and the mechanism by which it is absorbed into various human tissues and cell lines has been extensively studied over the past decade. Evidence suggests two absorption mechanisms, a saturable-active component that dominates at near physiological vitamin concentrations and a passive component that is(More)
Microbial detection requires the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that are distributed on the cell surface and within the cytosol. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family functions as an intracellular PRR that triggers the innate immune response. The(More)
The apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT, SLC10A2) facilitates the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts and plays a key role in cholesterol metabolism. The membrane topology of ASBT was initially scanned using a consensus topography analysis that predominantly predicts a seven transmembrane (TM) domain configuration adhering to the(More)
The purpose of this study was to design bile acid-containing methanethiosulfonate (MTS) agents with appropriate physical attributes to effectively modify the cysteine residues present in the human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter. Four physical properties including surface area, molecular volume, ClogP, and dipole moment were calculated for(More)
The human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (hASBT, SLC10A2) plays a critical role in the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids, as well as in cholesterol homeostasis. ASBT reclaims bile acids from the distal ileum via active sodium co-transport, in a multistep process, orchestrated by key residues in exofacial loop regions, as well as in(More)
We report the involvement of transmembrane domain 4 (TM4) of hASBT in forming the putative translocation pathway, using cysteine-scanning mutagenesis in conjunction with solvent-accessibility studies using the membrane-impermeant, sulfhydryl-specific methanethiosulfonate reagents. We individually mutated each of the 21 amino acids in TM4 to cysteine on a(More)
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