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BACKGROUND Vitamin B(12) and folate represent modifiable risk factors for dementia. They may increase the risk of Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) as their deficiency can increase the homocysteine level due to slowed methylation reaction. Homocysteine has a neurotoxic effect that could lead to neurologic disturbances. Hence, it is(More)
Of late, micro and nanoparticluate drug delivery systems have been gaining immense importance primarily attributed to their improved drug release controlling and targeting efficiencies. Also, the small particle size and desirable surface charge associated with these delivery systems render them suitable for specific applications like lymphatic uptake,(More)
CSF tau and Aβ42 are considered as important markers to diagnose Alzheimer's disease in early stages. Hence, it is important to assess their status in different types of dementia. The main objective of this study was to assess whether these CSF biomarkers can be used to make the differential diagnosis of AD. In the present study, articles published from(More)
During post-analytical phase, critical value notification to responsible caregiver in a timely manner has potential to improve patient safety which requires cooperative efforts between laboratory personnel and caregivers. It is widely accepted by hospital accreditors that ineffective notification can lead to diagnostic errors that potentially harm patients(More)
BACKGROUND Several population based studies have demonstrated an association between hypo-or hyperthyroidism and dementia in last two decades. As a consequence, thyroid stimulating hormone has become part of the screening laboratory test for dementia. AIM The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between thyroid function and Alzheimer's(More)
Alzheimer's disease International (ADI) estimates that there are currently 30 million people with dementia in the world. The main objective was to perform meta-analysis of studies of CSF tau and Amyloid β 42 (Aβ 42) levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and controls. In the present study MEDLINE was reviewed from 1995 to 2009, supplemented by citation(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin, a 16 kDa peptide hormone synthesized and secreted specifically from white adipose cells protects neurons against amyloid β-induced toxicity, by increasing Apolipoprotein E (APO E)-dependent uptake of β amyloid into the cells, thereby, protect individuals from developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The APO E ε4 allele is a known genetic risk(More)
CONTEXT Phenytoin (PHT) is one of the frontrunner drugs used as monotherapy in the management of epilepsy. It is also one of the most common drugs causing adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The aim of this study was to study the relationship between serum PHT levels and the age, gender, dosage and genetic polymorphisms in a North Indian population. This(More)
Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the foot which causes dry, itchy, flaky condition of the skin caused by Trichophyton species. In this study, the potential of ultra-small nanostructured lipid carrier (usNLC)-based topical gel of miconazole nitrate for the treatment of athlete’s foot was evaluated. Nanostructure lipid carriers (NLCs) prepared by melt(More)
Quality in laboratory has huge impact on diagnosis and patient management as 80–90% of all diagnosis is made on the basis of laboratory tests. Monitoring of quality indicators covering the critical areas of pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases like sample misidentification, sample rejection, random and systemic errors, critical value(More)
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